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You Are On Question Answer Bank SET 2489

124451. Leonardo da Vinci

Answer: Italian painter, sculptor, architect, scientist and musician. Famous paintings are `The Last Supper' and `Mona Lisa'.

124452. Mahavira

Answer: Born in the 6th century B.C. Jainism which is a religious sect of Hinduism was strengthened by him. Apostle of non-violence. Prescribed code of penance for his followers. The religion did not spread outside India.

124453. Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543)

Answer: Polish astronomer who first propounded the astronomical theory that the sun is the centre of the solar system and the earth and other planets revolve round the sun.

124454. Adolf Hitler

Answer: German dictator and founder of National socialism. The Chancellor of Germany since 1933 and Leader of Reich since 1934. Started a Fascist movement. Involved Germany into the World War II and was defeated in 1945. Author of `Mein Kampf'.

124455. Tansen

Answer: Great exponent of Indian classical music. He was one of the `Nau Rattans' in the court of Akbar.

124456. Roosevelt (1882-1945)

Answer: President of the USA from 1933 till his death, being the first American to be elected for more than two terms. He met the economic crisis of 1933 with a policy for a `New Deal'.

124457. Maharana Pratap (1540-97)

Answer: Raiput chief who refused to acknowledge Akbar's overlordship. Defeated at Haldighat in 1576. Reconquered the greater part of his possessions.

124458. Abraham Lincoln (1809-'65)

Answer: Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the U.S.A. from 1861 to 1865 and was returned from the Republican Party. He opposed slavery and was a great champion of democracy. He was assassinated in 1865.

124459. Indira Gandhi

Answer: Was President of Congress in 1959. Became Union Minister of Information and Broadcasting in 1964-66. Was Prime Minister of India in 1966-77 and again in 1980-1984.

124460. Swami Vivekanand (1863-1902)

Answer: A great Hindu Saint and religious leader. His original name was Narendranath Datta. Follower of Ramkrishna Paramhansa. Led the Vedanta movement. Founded Ramkrishna Mission at Belur (West Bengal). Among his books `Janam Yoga', `Bhakti Yoga' and `Karma Yoga' are best known.

124461. Banabhatta

Answer: Court poet of King Harsha Vardhana. Works : Harshacharita and Kadambari.

124462. Ashoka (273-236 B.C.)

Answer: Indian Emperor of the Mauryan Dynasty. Embraced Budhism after the Kalinga War. One of the existing monuments of Ashoka is the Sanchi Stupas. His inscriptions on rocks and pillars are of great historical interest. Famous for sanity of thought, up rightness of character and love of humanity.

124463. Bismarck (1815-1898)

Answer: Known as the "Man of blood and iron". Founded the German Empire.A great administrator.

124464. Stalin (1879-1953)

Answer: Soviet Statesman. played an important part in the Russian Revolution of 1917. Became the outstanding leader of Russia after the death of Lenin in 1924. Introduced in 1929 the famous Five Year Plan to build new Russia. General Secretary of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR, 1924-41.

124465. William Shakespeare(1564-1616)

Answer: The Greatest poet and dramatist of england. Author of several plays such as `Julius Caesar', `Macbeth', `Romeo and Juliet', `Hamlet', `The Merchant of Venice', `Antony and Cleopatra, etc.

124466. Mao-Tse-Tung (1893-1976)

Answer: Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party 1936-59. First Chairman of the Central Government of the People's Republic of China., 1949-59. Organised the Red Guards to start the Cultural Revolution.

124467. Horgovind Khurana

Answer: Has become famous in carrying out research work in the U.S.A. He was awarded Nobel Prize in 1968 in Physiology and Medicine.

124468. Jefferson, Thomas

Answer: He was the 3rd President of the U.S.A. and founder of the Republican Party.He helped in drafting the Declaration of Independence.

124469. Aurobindo Ghosh (1872-1959)

Answer: Politician,Philosopher,poet & saint. First editor of "bande Mataram", Works : Life Divine,EssaysonGita,Basis of Yoga.

124470. Ramkrishna Paramhanssa (1833-1886)

Answer: Indian religious saint and preceptor of Swami Vivekanand.

124471. Bhaskaracharya

Answer: Great mathematician and astronomer of the twelth century. Work `Sidhanta Siromani'.

124472. Babar (1483-1530)

Answer: Founder of the Mughal Empire in India. Conquered the throne of Delhi after the first battle of Panipat (1526) against Ibrahim Lodhi. His "Memoirs" hold a high a place in the history of literature.

124473. Michael Angelo(1475-1564)

Answer: Italian painter, sculptor, architect and poet who did much to beautify the churches of Rome and Florence by his genius.

124474. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)

Answer: Greek philosopher,artist,poet and thinker.Disciple of Plato and teacher of Alexander the great.Founder of a famous school of philosophy."The ethics and Poetics" are his famous works.

124475. Konstantin Chernenko

Answer: Became President of USSR after the death of President Andropov in 1984. President Chernenko died in 1985.

124476. Bal Gangadhar Tilak (1856-1920)

Answer: One of the pioneers of the Indian freedom movement. Started two newspapers, the `Kesari' in Marathi and the `Maratha' in English. He declared `Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it'. Wrote a commentary on the Gita, the `Gita Rahasya'.

124477. Firdousi (940-1020)

Answer: Epic poet of Persia. He was a court poet of sultan Mahmud of Gazni. His `Shah-nama' contains 60,600verses describingthe history of Persia.

124478. H.G.Wells (1866-1946)

Answer: H.G.Wells was a famous author of English novels. His science-based tales are of great appeal all over the world. The famous books written by him are "The Invisible Man","Time Machine" and "The Shape of things to come."

124479. Shah Jehan

Answer: The Mughal Emperor (1628-58). Built Taj Mahal at Agra in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. Lal Quila and Jama Masjid in Delhi were also built in his time.

124480. Ramanujam (1887-1920)

Answer: The great Indian Mathematician who was famous for his work on Theory of Numbers. He became an F.R.S.in 1918.

124481. Morarji Desai

Answer: Resigned Bombay Provincial Civil Service and joined Non-Cooperation Movement under Gandhiji in 1930.Was Chief Minister of Bombay, 1952-1956, Union Minister in 1956-63. After formation of the Janata Party, was the Prime Minister of India from 1977 to 1979.

124482. Mother Teresa

Answer: Was born in Yugoslavia in 1910.The Roman Catholienun came to India as a teacher and began organizing schools for slum children in 1948. She has established 100 centres in the country comprising schools,charitable dispensaries, home for lepers, T.B. Patients, unwanted and crippled children. She was awarded Nobel Prize for Peace in 1979, as the first Indian. Was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1980.

124483. Florence Nightingale (1820-1910)

Answer: British nurse and hospital reformer. Organised a nursing service during the Crimean War (1854-56), which reformed the age-old system in hospitals. Her system was later adopted throughout the world. Known as `The Lady with the Lamp.'

124484. Murlidhar Devidas Amte

Answer: Popularly known as Baba Amte, an IndianLawyer who has made the lives of thousands of lepers and other social outcastes productive and respectable. Was awarded the 1985 Magsaysay award for public service. `Anandwan' is the first of the settlements established by him for lepers and other physically handicapped people.

124485. Dayanand Saraswati (1824-1883)

Answer: Great hindu reformer.Founder of the `Arya Samaj (1875). Fought against untouchability, preached widow re-marriage, supported women's education.

124486. Kalidasa

Answer: Epic figure in classic sanskrit literature. Works :`Shakuntala', `Meghduta',`Kumar Sambhava' etc. Flourished in the time of Vikramaditya.

124487. Chanakya (Kautilya) (4th Century B.C.)

Answer: Famous minister of Chandra Gupta Maurya and was responsible for the fall of the Nanda Dynasty. "Arthashastra" is his famous book.It throws light on the then system of government, the revenue system, the art of administration and the duties of the king.

124488. Dr.B.R.Ambedkar (1893-1956)

Answer: Law minister of India,1947-51. Member of the constituent Assembly. chairman of the constitution drafting Committee."Annihilation of Caste" is his famous work.

124489. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

Answer: Franklin was a famous American philosopher and statesman who actively helped in promoting the declaration of independence.

124490. Lenin

Answer: Leader of the Russian Revolution in 1917. Head of the Soviet Government from 1917 to 1924.

124491. Ravishankar

Answer: Ravishankar is the world-famous artist in sitar.

124492. Megasthenes

Answer: Was Greek ambassador to Chandra Gupta Maurya's Court sent by seleucus. His book `Indika' is a source of information about the state of India at that time.

124493. Vasco da Gama

Answer: A portuguese Sailor, who in 1498, rounded the Cape of Good hope and succeeded in reaching the port of Calicut in south India.

124494. Shankaracharya (Born 788 A.D.)

Answer: A great scholar,philosopher and religious teacher. Countered the influence of Buddhism and Jainism. Wrote authoritative commentaries on the Upanishadas.

124495. Savarkar (1883-1966)

Answer: Nationalist leader from Maharashtra. Leader of the Hindu Mahasabha. Author of `Indian War of Independence'.

124496. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

Answer: French Emperor and General. Conquered most of Europe. Was defeated in the battle of Waterloo in 1815 and died in exile at St.Helena's Island.

124497. Niels Bohr (1885-1963)

Answer: Niels Bohr was a nuclear physicist of denmark. His pioneering work led to the invention of nuclear fission and atomic bomb. Received Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922.

124498. Madame Marie Curie (1867-1934)

Answer: Discovered Radium.Won the Nobel Prize twice (Physics-1903,Chemistry-1911)

124499. George Washington (1732-99)

Answer: Commander-in-Chief of the American army during the American War of Independence (1775-83). First President of the Republic of USA elected in 1789; re-elected in 1793.
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