Basic facts (India)

Basic G.K (India)


*Highest peak - Mt.K2 (Godwin Austin)
*Highest Stone Tower - Qutub (Qutb) Minar  
*Highest Multiple Arch dam - Idukki (Kerala)
*Highest polling Booth - Hikkim (Himachal Pradesh)
*Highest Lake - Cholamoo Lake 
*Longest River Barrage - Farakka Barrage I 
*Longest Canal - Indira Gandhi Canal
*Longest Glacier - Siachen Glacier
*Longest Bridge - Bandra - Warli(Rajiv Gandhi sealink, Mumbai)
*Longest Natural Cave - Krem Liat Prah (Meghalaya)
*Longest Railway Tunnel - Pir Panjal Tunnel (Jammu - Kashmir)
*Longest River Bridge -Mahatma Gandhi Sethu
*Longest Rail bridge - Vembanad Rail Bridge (Edappally-Vallarpadam)
*Longest Beach - Marina Beach, Chennai 
*Longet National Highway - NH 7 (NewnameNH 44) 
*Longest railway platform - Gorakhpur (U.P) 
*Largest Desert - Thar (Rajasthan)
*Largest Church - Se Cathedral (Old Goa) 
*Biggest Temple - Sri. Ranganathaswami Temple (Trichy)
*Largest river island - Majuli (Brahmaputra) 
*Largest state - Rajasthan 
*Largest populated city - Mumbai 
*Largest populated state - Uttarpradesh 
*Largest Museum - Indian Museum (Kolkata) 
*Largest Zoo - Zoological Garden (Kolkata) 
*Largest Gurudwara - Golden Temple (Amritsar) 
*Largest Residence - Rashtrapathi Bhavan 
*Largest Stupa - Great stupa at Sanchi
*Longest River - Ganga
*Longest Dam - Hirakud (Orissa)
*Longest Train Service - Vivek Express,(Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari) 
*Fastest Train - Gatimaan Express (New Delhi - Agra)
*Largest salt water lake - Chilka Lake (Odisha) .
*Most Saltiest Lake - Sambar Lake
*Largest dome - Gol Gumbaz(Bijapur (Karnataka)] 
*Largest Plateau - Deccan Plateau
*Longest river in South India - Godavari 
*Oldest Oil Refinery - Digboi (Assam)
*Highest waterfalls
Ans : Jog waterfalls (Sharawati river) 
*Highest Dam
Ans : Tehri Dam (Uttarakhand)
*Highest Airport
Ans : Kushok Bakula Rimpochhe Airport in 
Leh, Jammu and Kashmir. 
* Largest Concrete Dam - Nagarjuna Sagar (Krishna River)
*Largest Exhibition ground - Pragati Maidan (New Delhi)
*Largest Public Sector Bank - State Bank of India (SBI)
*Largest Planetarium - Birla Planetarium Kolkata 
*Largest Auditorium - Sri Shanmukhananda Hall (Mumbai)
*Largest Mosque - Juma Masjid 
*Largest GPO - Mumbai GPO 
*Largest Aircraft carrier - INS Vikramaditya. 
*Largest Animal Fair - Sonpur fair (Bihar) 
*Largest Library - National Library (Kolkata)
*Largest Monastery - Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh)
*Largest National Park - Hemis National Park (Jammu & Kashmir)
*Largest Hydro Electric Power Station - Tehri Dam (2400 MW)
*Largest Thermal Power Station - Vindhyachal Thermal Power Station (Madhya Pradesh) (4760MW)
*Largest Atomic Power Station - Tarapur Atomic Power Station
*Biggest Paramilitary - CRPF 
*Biggest Fort - Chittorgarh 
*Fort Biggest Tributary River - Yamuna 
*Fastest Flowing River - Teesta River 
*Biggest Private Sector Bank - ICICI Bank 
*Largest Cave - Amamath Cave 
*Largest Waterway - National Waterway 
*Largest Oil Refinery - Jamnagar Refinery (Gujarat)
*Longest Express Highway - Yamuna Express Highway (UP)
*Largest Mobile Phone Provider - Bharati Airtel 
*Largest Company - Indian Oil Corporation
*Largest Private Sector Company - Reliance 
*Tallest statue in India - Veera Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami (Hyderabad) 



National Animals


Bulgaria - Lion
Srilanka - Lion
Netherland - Lion
England - Lion
Singapore - Lion 
South Korea - Tiger
Bangladesh - Tiger
Afghanistan - Snow Leopard
Nepal - Cow 
Bhutan - Takin
Pakistan - Markhor
China - Dragon, Giant Panda
Australia - Kangaroo
Russia - Bear



News Papers


*The Daily Mirror, The Times, The Sun, Morning Star, The Guardian, The Daily Express - England
*Daily Telegraph - UK
*The New York Times, The Morning News,Washington Post - USA
*Yomiuri Shimbun - Japan
*The Island - Srilanka
*The Dawn - Pakistan
* Trud - Russia
*People’s Daily - China
*Eastern Sun - Singapore
*Daily express - Malaysia



New and  Old Name (India)


*Ahmedabad  - Kamavathi
*Allahabad      - Prayag
*Assam            - Kamarup
*Ayodhya      - Saketham
*Baroda      - Vadodara
*Benaras.      - Kashi, Varanasi
*Bengal       - Vangadesham
*Bengaluru      - Bangalore
*Bihar              - Magadha
*Chennai       - Madras
*Delhi             - Indraprastham
*Daulathabadh - Devagiri
*Faizabad - Kosalam
*Kanchipuram - Kanchi
*Kanauj - Kanyakubjam
*Madhya Pradesh - Central Province
*Odisha  - Kalinga, Orissa
*Patna      - Pataliputram
*Panaji       - Panjium
*Puthucherry - Pondicherry,  Arikkamedu
*Sambaje Nagar - Aurangabad
*Ujjain        -  Avandhi
*Uttarakhand    - Uttaranchal



National Days (India)


*National Youth Day - January 12
*Army Day - January 15
*Netaji Day ,Desh Prem Divas - January 23
*National Tourism Day - January 25
*Republic Day - January 26
*Indian Newspaper Day - January 29
*Martyr’s Day - January 30
*Central Excise Day - February 24
*National Science Day - February 28
*National Security Day - March 4
*National Maritime Day - April 5
*Safe Motherhood day  -April 11
*Jallianwalabagh Day - April 13
*Fire Force Day - April 14
*Civil Service Day - April 21
*Panchayati Raj Day - April 24
*Anti Terrorism Day - May 21
*Statistics Day - June 29

*Kargil Vijay Day - July 26
*Quit India Day - August 9
*Independence Day - August 15
*Sadbhavana Day - August 20
*National Sports Day - August 29
*Teacher’s Day - September 5
*Hindi Day                    - September 14
*Engineers Day - September 15
*Gandhi Jayanti - October 2
*Air Force Day - October 8
*National Postal Day - October 10
*Azad Hind Foundation Day  - October 21
*National Rededication Day - October 31
*Legal Service Day - November 9
*Education Day - November 11
*Children’s Day - November 14
*Citizen Day - November 19
*Law Day    - November 26
*Milk Day  - November 26
*Navy Day  - December 4
*Armed Force Flag Day - December 7
*Vijay Divas - December 16
*National Minorities Rights Day - December 18
*Farmers Day - December 23
*National Consumer Day - December 29
*National Day for Good Governance - December 25
*Nirbhaya Day -  December 29
*Pravasi Bharatiya Divas - January 9 
*National Day for Unity/Rashtriya Ekata Divas - October 31
* National Water Day - April 14 (Birthday of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar)



Father (India)


*Father of Nation - Mahatma Gandhi
*Father of Indian Renaissance - Rajaram Mohan Roy
*Father of Indian Nationalism - Surendranatha Banaijee
*Father of Indian Unrest - Bal Gangadhara Tilak
*Father of Indian Economy- Dadabhai Naoroji Father of Economics and Politics- Dadhabhai Navroji 
*Father of Missile Technology in India (Missile man of India)- A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
*Father of Indian Engineering,
*Father of Planning - M. Visvesvaraya
*Father of Atomic Science - H.J. Bhabha.
*Father of Atom Bomb - Dr. Rajaramanna 
*Father of Space Science - Dr. Vikram Sarabhai 
*Father of Indian Industry - J.N. Tata 
*Father of Civil Aviation - J.R.D. Tata 
*Father of Indian Budget - Prof.Mahalanobis 
*Father of Indian Ornithology - A.O. Hume 
*Father of Ayurveda - Athreya
*Father of Surgery - Susruta
*Father of Journalism - M. Chalapathi Rao 
*Father of Indian Anthropology -SC Roy 
*Father of Indian IT - Rajiv Gandhi 
*Father of Indian Sports Education - H. C. Buck 
*Father of Sanskrit Drama - Kalidasa 
*Father of Indian Cinema - Dada Sahib Phalke
*Father of Indian Painting - Nandalal Bose 
*Father of Local Self Govt, in India - Lord Ripon 
*Father of Co-operative Movement in India - Frederic Nicholson 
*Father of Indian Railway - Lord Dalhousie 
*Father of Indian Printing - James Augustus Hickey
*Father of Indian Archaeology - Alexander Cunningham
*Father of Green Revolution - M,S. Swaminathan
*Father of White Revolution - Verghese Kurien 
*Father of Indian History - Kalhanan 
*Father of Indian English Novel - Mulk Raj Anand 
*Father of Indian Botany - William Roxburgh 
*Father of Indian Super Computer- Vijay P. Bhatkar



First Men in India


*First Muslim President of India
Ans : Dr. Zakir Hussain 
*First president who died in harness
Ans : Dr. Zakir Hussain
*First Vice-President who died in harness
Ans : Krishan Kant 
*First Dalit President
Ans : K.R. Narayanan 
*First Dalit Speaker of Lok Sabha
Ans : G.M.C. Balayogi
*First Chief Justice of India
Ans : Harilal J. Kania 
*First Dalit Chief Justice of India
Ans : K.G. Balakrishnan
*First Indian to become the Governor General free India
Ans : C. Rajagopalachari 
*First Indian to join I.C.S. (now IAS)
Ans : Satyendranath Tagore
*First Indian to become the member of Viceroy’ Executive Council
Ans : Lord S.P. Sinha
*First President of India-Dr. Rajendra Prasad 
*First Vice-President of India-Dr. S. Radhakrishnan 
*First Prime Minister of India-Jawaharlal Nehru 
*First Governor General of Bengal-Warren Hastings 
*First Governor General of British India-William Bentick 
*First Viceroy of British India-Lord Canning 
*First Governor General of Independent India-Lord Mount Batten 
*First Deputy Prime Minister-Vallabhbhai Patel 
*First Speaker of Lok Sabha-G.V.Mavalankar 
*First Indian to get Nobel Prize-Rabindra Nath Tagore 
*First Indian to get ‘Bharat Ratna’-C. Rajagopalachari
*First Judge to face impeachment in the Lok Sabha(1993)
Ans : Justice V. Ramaswami 
*First Judge to face impeachment in the Rajya Sabha
Ans : Justice Soumitra Sen (2011) 
*First Indian High Court Judge (1878)
Ans : Justice Syed Mahmood
*First Indian to become the Judge of International Court of Justice
Ans : Dr. B. N. Rao
*First Indian to become the President of ICJ
Ans : Justice Nagendra Singh 
*First Indian in British Parliament
Ans : Dadabhai Naoroji
*First Indian Member of House of Lords (British)
Ans : S.P. Sinha
*First Industrial department minister
Ans : M. Vishweswarayya
*First Education Minister
Ans : Abul Kalam Azad 
*First Indian to visit England (1832)
Ans : Raja Ram Mohan Roy
*First Chairman of Rajya Sabha
Ans : Dr. S. Radhakrishnan 
*First Election Commissioner
Ans : Sukumar Sen 
*First Chairman of UGC
Ans : Shantiswarup Bhatnagar 
*First Indian to swim across the English Channel
Ans : Mihir Sen
*First Indian to make a solo air flight
Ans : JRD Tata
*First Chief of the Air Staff
Ans : Subroto Mukherjee
*First to climb Mount Everest without oxygen
Ans : Phu Dorjee
*First Indian in Space (first Indian cosmonaut)
Ans : Rakesh Sharma
*First Indian to circumnavigate the globe
Ans : Lt. Col. K.S. Rao 
*First Indian to reach the South Pole
Ans : Col. J.K. Bajaj
*First Indian to reach the North Pole
Ans : Jaganathan Srinivasaraghavan 
*First Indian to land on Antartica
Ans : Ram Charan 
*First Magsaysay Award winner
Ans : Achaiya Vinoba Bhave
*First Indian Air force flying officer to get Param Vir Chakra
Ans : Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon (Posthumously)
*First to get ‘Param Vir Chakra’
Ans : Major Somnath Sharma 
*First Cricket (Test Cricket) Captain
Ans : C.K Nayudu 
*First one day cricket Captain
Ans : Ajit Wadekar
*First Cricketer to score a Test Century
Ans : LalaAmamath
*First Twenty -Twenty Cricket Captain
Ans : Virender Sehwag
*First Indian bowler who got hatrick in world cup cricket 
Ans : Chetan Sharma
*First Indian bowler who got hatrick in test cricket
Ans : Harbhajan Singh
*First Indian tennis player to win a grandslam event
Ans : Mahesh Bhupathi



First woman in India


*First Woman President
Ans : Pratibha Devi Singh Patil 
*First woman speaker of Lok Sabha
Ans : Mirakumar
*First woman Prime Minister
Ans : Indira Gandhi 
*First woman Minister
Ans : Vijayalakshmi Pandit 
*First woman Central Minister
Ans : Rajkumari Amrit Kaur 
*First woman Chief Minister of a State
Ans : Sucheta Kripalani 
*First woman Governor of a State
Ans : Sarojini Naidu
*First woman president of Indian National Congress
Ans : Annie Besant
*First woman Ambassador
Ans : Vijayalakshmi Pandit
*First woman President of UN General Assembly
Ans : Vijayalakshmi Pandit
*First woman to become the Police advisor of UNO
Ans : Kiran Bedi
*First woman IAS Officer
Ans : Anna Malhotra 
*First woman IPS Officer
Ans : Kiran Bedi
*First Indian woman to win IMO bravery Award
Ans : Capt. Radhika Menon
*First Indian woman to be the member of IOC
Ans : Nita Ambani
*First woman Advocate
Ans : Cornelia Sorabji 
*First Woman Magistrate
Ans : Omana Kunjamma 
*First woman legislator
Ans : Muthu Lakshmi Reddy 
*First woman mayor
Ans : Tara Cherian
*First woman Judge of High Court
Ans : Anna Chandi
*First woman Judge of Supreme Court
Ans : M. Fathima Beevi
*First woman Chief Justice of High Court
Ans : Leila Seth
*First woman Election Commissioner
Ans : VS Rama Devi 
*First woman Chairperson of U.G.C.
Ans : Maduri Shah
*First woman Director General of Police
Ans : Kanchan Bhattacharya
*First Muslim woman to sit on the throne of Delhi
Ans : Razia Sultana
*First woman to swim across the strait of gibralter
Ans : Aarti Pradhan
*First woman to circumnavigate (sail round the world) - Ujwala Rai First woman to go into space
Ans : Kalpana Chawla 
*First woman to climb Mount Everest
Ans : Bachendri Pal
*Youngest woman to Climb Mount Everest two times
Ans : Santhosh Yadav
*First Miss India
Ans : Pramila
*First to be crowned the Miss Universe
Ans : Sushmita Sen
*First woman piolet
Ans : Prem Mathur
*First woman piolet in Indian Air Force
Ans : Haritha Kaur Deol 
*First woman Lt. General
Ans : Punita Arora 
*First woman Air marshal
Ans : Padmavathy Bandopadhyay 
*First Station Master
Ans : Rinku Sinha Roy 
*First woman to win Nobel Prize
Ans : Mother Teresa 
*First woman to win Bharat Ratna
Ans : Indira Gandhi
*First woman musician to get ‘Padmabhushan’, ‘Padma Vibhushan', 'Bharat Ratna’ Ramon Magsaysay award
Ans : M.S. Subbulakshmi 
*First woman to win Magsaysay Award
Ans : Mother Teresa
*First woman to win the Booker Prize
Ans : Arundhati Roy
*First woman to receive the Sahithya Academy Award
Ans : Amrita Pritam
*First female child artist in Indian cinema
Ans : Kamalabai Gokhale 
*First Indian woman to get an Oscar
Ans : Bhanu Athaiya 
*First woman to win Urvasi Award
Ans : Nargis Datt
*First Gold Medal winner in Asian Games
Ans : Kamaljeet Sandhu 
*First woman to win an Olympic medal
Ans : Kamam Malleswari 
*First woman Olympic finalist
Ans : P.T. Usha
*The first Indian athlete to win a Medal in world championship
Ans : Anju Bobby George
*First woman to get ‘Gallantry Award’ in army
Ans : Major Mitali Madhumita
*First Woman Cricketer to score double century
Ans : Mithali Raj
*First Indian woman who was honoured as huma computer
Ans : Shakuntala Devi
*First woman to swim across the English Channe
Ans : Arati Saha
*First to be crowned the Miss World
Ans : Reita Faria
*First woman to win Jnanpith Award
Ans : Asha Puma Devi



Sobriquets-Persons


*Bengal Tiger-Bipin Chandra Pal
*Lion of Punjab -Lala Lajpat Rai 
*Lion of Kashmir-Sheikh Mohammed Abdulla
*Sage of Sabarmati -Mahatma Gandhi 
*Indian Machiavelli -Chanakya 
*Indian Napoleon -Samudra Gupta 
*Indian Bismark -Sardar Vallabhai Patel 
*Lokmanya C.R. -Bal Gangadhara Tilak 
*Rajaji -C. Rajagopalachari 
*Gurudev -Rabindranath Tagore 
*Guruji-M.S. Golwalkar 
*Lok nayak, J.P-Jayaprakash Narayan
*Gladstone of India - Dadabhai Naoroji
*Grand old man of India - Dadabhai Naoroji Priyadarshini, Iron Lady of India-Indira Gandhi
*Barefooted painter - M.F Hussain
*Kipper -K.M. Kariyappa
*Maratha Kesari-Balagangadhara Tilak
**Badshah Khan, Faker-e-Afghan,
*Frontier Gandhi-Khan Abdul Gafferkhan
*Netaji, Prince of Patriots-Subhash Chandra Bose Birdman of India-Salim Ali
*Andhra Kesari-T. Prakasam
*Grand Old Man of Indian Journalism- Tushar Kanti Ghosh 
*Acharya, Sage of Paunar - Vinoba Bhave
*Babuji-Jagjeevan Ram
*Mysore Tiger -Tippu Sultan
*Indian Shakespear-Kalidasa
*Sage of Kanchi -Sankaracharya
*Saint of Gutter-Mother Teresa 
*Kuvembu -K.V. Puttappa
*Kalainjar -Karunanidhi
*Natikar Tilakam -Sivaji Ganesan
*Chachaji -Jawaharlal Nehru
*Sher-e-Punjab-Ranjit Singh
*Man of Peace -Lal Bahadur Shastri
*Nightingale of India -Sarojiji Naidu
*Daughter of the East -Benazir Bhutto
*Shaheed-e-Azam -Bhagat Singh
*Quaid-e-Azam-Muhammad Ali 
*Deshabandhu - C.R. Das
*Deenabandhu - C.F. Andrews
*Bengabandhu-Sheik Mujibur Rahman



Committees and Commission


*Kalelkar Commission -Backward Class Commission
*Mandal Commission -Backward Class
*Rangarajan Committee -Computarisation of banks
*Justice Jain -Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi 
*J.S. Verma--Security lapses that led to the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi
*Dr. D.R. Karthikeyan-Led the special investigation team of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) which enquired into the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi
*Kelkar Committee -Direct and Indirect Tax
*Raja Chelliah Committee -Tax Reforms
*Asoka Mehta Committee -Panchayati Raj
*Justice B.N. Sri Krishna Commission -Communal riots in Mumbai
*Justice B.N. Sri Krishna Commission -Committee for separate Telangana
*R.S. Sarkaria Committee -Centre State Relations
*Swaminathan Committee -Agricultural Reform
*Sen Committee-Decentralisation of power to Panchayati Raj Institutions
*T.S.R Subrahmanian -New Education Policies of India
*J.A. Patil Committee  -Adarsh Scam
*Shivaraj Patil committee-2 G Spectrum
*A.N.Mukherjee Committee -Netaji’s mysterious disappearance.
*Lakdawala Commission-Studied about the percentage of people living Below Poverty Line (BPL) in India.
*Sachar Commission-Social economic and educational conditions of muslim community in India
*Fazal Ali Commission-Re-organisation of states on linguistic basis (1953)
*Dhar Committee-Formation of provinces on linguistic basis (1948)
*Harold Gehman Commission-Columbia Space Shuttle tragedy (2003)
*Jain Commission-Security failures behind the assasination of Rajiv Gandhi.
*Malhotra Committee-Insurance privatisation
*Ashok Kumar Mathur Commission-7th pay commission central
*Narasimham Committee-Banking sector reforms
*Balwant Rai Mehta Committee-Panchayati Raj
*Roopanwal Commission-Rohith Vemula suicide case
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