Basic Facts (World)

Basic G.K. (World)


*Largest continent - Asia
*Largest ocean - Pacific Ocean
*Largest sea - South China Sea
*Largest inland sea - Mediterranean sea
*Longest river - Nile
*Largest river - Amazon
*Largest river basin - Amazon
*Largest salt water lake - Caspian Sea 
*Largest freshwater lake - Lake Baikal (by volume)
*Lake Superior (by surface area) 
*Largest archipelago - Indonesia 
*Largest artificial lake - Lake Volta (by surface area) (Ghana) 
*Largest bay - Hudson Bay(North Canada) 
*Largest gulf - Gulf of Mexico
*Largest gorge - Grand Canyon (USA)
*Largest delta - Sundarbans (India & Bangladesh)
*Largest reef - Great Barrier Reef (Australia)
*Largest peninsula - Arabia
*Largest island - Greenland
*Largest river island - Majuli (India)
*Largest hot desert - Sahara (Africa)
*Largest cold desert - Gobi (Mongolia)
*Largest mountain range - The Himalayas
*Largest Active volcano - MaunaLoa 
*Fastest bird - Perigrin Falcon
*Slowest animal - Snail
*Largest volcano - Tartiu Massif (Pacific)
*Largest landmass - The Eurasian Landmass
*Largest country (by area) - Russia 
*Largest country (by population) - China 
*Largest city (Population) - Tokyo (Japan)
*Largest democracy - India
*Largest electorate - India
*Largest parliament - The National People’s Congress (China) 
*Largest National park - Greenland National Park (Greenland)
*Largest animal - Blue Whale
*Largest land animal - African Bush Elephant 
*Largest carnivorous mammal- Elephant Seal (Polar bear is the second largest carnivorous animal)
*Largest bird - Ostrich
*Smallest bird - Humming Bird
*Largest sea bird - Albatross
*Largest temple - Angkorwat (Cambodia)
*Largest Budha temple - Borobudur (Indonesia)
*Largest church'- St.Peter's Basilica (Rome)
*Largest embassy - US Embassy in Baghdad
*Largest air craft - Antonov An 225
*Largest passenger plane - Airbus A 380 
*Largest port - Shanghai (China)
*Largest dam - Three Gorges Dam(China)
*Largest army - People’s Liberation Army (China) .
*Largest navy - United States Navy
*Largest airforce - United StatesAirforce
*Largest Women University- Princess Nora Bint 
*Abdul rahman University (Saudi Arabia) 
*Largest Open University - Indira Gandhi National Open University (New Delhi)
*Largest diamond - The Cullinan
*Largest wall - The Great Wall ofChina
*Largest CrickeLstadium - Melbourne (Australia)
*Biggest football stadium - Marakana (Brazil) 
*Largest bank - World Bank(Washington)
*Largest Monolithic statue - Statue of Buddha (Hyderabad)
*Largest Irrigation Scheme - Great Man-Made River (Africa)
*Highest capital city - La Paz (Bolivia) 
*Highest Mountain peak - Mt. Everest (Nepal) 
*Highest waterfalls - Angel Falls (Kerepakupai Vena) (Venezuela)
*Highest lake - Titicaca (Bolivia)
*Biggest Fresh water Fish - Beluga 
*sturgeon Biggest reptile - Saltwater Crocodile
*Biggest lizard - Komodo Dragon
*Biggest egg - Ostrich Egg
*Biggest diamond mine - Kimberley(South Africa)
* Longest railway tunnel
Ans : Gotthard Base Tunnel (Switzerland)
*Largest railwaystation (By number of platforms) - Grand Central Terminal (New York)
*Highest airport - Daocheng Yading (China)
*Highest plateau - Pamir (Tibet)
*Longest railway platform - Gorakhpur (Uttarpradesh)
*Longest railway line -Trans-Siberian Railway (Russia)
*Longest mountain range - Andes (South America)
*Longest fresh water lake - Lake Tanganyka 
*Longest canal - Grand canal (China)
*Longest estuary - Ob estuary (Russia)
*Longest Beach - Cox’s bazar(Bangladesh)
*Longest Swimming canal - English Canal 
*Longest road - Pan American Highway 
*Longest Arch,bridge - Chaotianmen Bridge(Yangtze river - China)
*Longest corridor -RameswaramTemple Corridor (India)
* Longest cave - Mammoth cave (USA)
*Longest road tunnel - Laerdal Tunnel (Norway)
*Longest snake - Reticulated python 
*Tallest free standing tower - Tokyo skytree(Japan)
*Tallest building - Burj Khalifa (Dubai)
*Tallest office building - Taipe 101'(Taiwan) 
*Tallest statue - Spring Temple Buddha (China)
*Tallest road - Khardungla Pass (Leh Manali, India)
Tallest Minaret - Sultan Hassan Mosque’s Minaret (Egypt)
*Tallest flower- Titan Aaram
*Tallest Flowering Plant - Eucalyptus
*Tallest tree - The Redwood Sequoia tree
*Smallest landmass - The Australian mainland
*The oldest oapital city - Damascus (Syria) 
*Most Poisonous Animal- Sea wasp (Box Jelly Fish)
*Most Poisonous Snake in land - Inland Taipan 
*Driest place  - Small Attacama
*Shortest river - Roe river
*Lowest point on earth - Dead seashore 
*Most densely populated country - Monaco 
*Fastest animal in water - Sailfish 
*Least populous country - Vatican
*Deepest ocean - Pacific 
*Deepest lake - Baikal (Russia)
*Deepest gorge - Kali Gandaki in Nepal 
*Deepest point in the ocean - Mariana Trench in Pacific Ocean
*Hottest place - El Azizia (Libya) 
*Coldest place - Vostok
*Tallest animal - Giraffe
*Smallest continent- Australia
*Smallest ocean - Arctic
*Smallest republic - Nauru
*Smallest country - Vatican
*Smallest flowering plant - Wolfia 
*Strongest natural fibre - Silk



New and Old Name (World)


New Name        Old Name 
*Ankara          Angora
*Astana           Akmola
*Bangladesh      East Pakistan
*Beijing '           Peiking
*Belize        - British Honduras
*Benin        - Dahomey
*Botswana     - Bechuana Land
*Burkino Faso  - Upper Volta
*Cambodia         - Kampuchia
*Cape Kennedy - Cape Canaveral
*China - Cathay
*Congo  - Zaire
*Dhaka - Dacca
*Djibouti - French Somaliland
*East Timur - Timur Leste/Loro Sae 
*Equatorial Guinea - Spanish Guinea
*Ethiopia - Abyssinia
*Guinea Bissau - Portuguese Guinea
*Guyana    - British Guiana
*Harare   - Salisbury
*Hawaii Islands    - Sandwich Islands
*Hochiminh City - Saigon
*Indonesia - The Dutch East Indies
*Iran   -  Persia
*Iraq - Mesopotamia
*Istambul - Constantinople
*Jakartha - Batavia
*Jordan - Hashemite Kingdom
*Kalaallit Nunaat - Greenland
*Kandahar - Gandharam
*Kiribati - Gilbert Island
*Lesotho - Basutoland
*Malabo - Santa Isabel
*Malaysia - Malaya
*Mali - French Sudan
*Mexico New Spain
*Mosambique - Portuguese East Africa
*Myanmar - Burma
*Namibia - South West Africa 
*Nauru - Pleasant Island
*Netherland  - Holland
*Oslo - Christiania
*Papua New Guinea - Trust Territory of New Guinea
*Peshwar - Purushapuram
*Portugal - Lucitania
*St. Petersburg - Leningrad/Petrograd
*Surinam - Dutch Guyana
*Taiwan - Formosa
*Tasmania - Van Diemen’s Land
*Thailand - Siam
*Togo - Togoland
*Turkey - Asia Minor
*Tuvalu - Ellice Islands
*UAE - Trucial States
*Vanuatu - New Hebrides
*Volgograd - Stalingrad
*Yangon - Rangoon
*Sri Lanka - Ceylon
*Ghana - Gold Coast
*Japan - Nippon
*Zambia - Northern Rhodesia
*Zimbabwe - Southern Rhodesia



International Days


*Laughter Day - January 10
*Customs Day - January 26
*Leprosy Eradication Day - January 30
*World Wetlands Day - February 2
*World Cancer day - February 4
*Darwin Day - February 12
*Valentines Day - February 14
*Mother Tongue Day - February 21
*Women’s Day - March 8
*Consumer right Day - March 15
*Disabled Day - Marchl5
*Forestry Day - March 21
*International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination - March 21
*World Day for Water - March 22
*Meteorological Day - March 23
*Tuberculosis Day - March 24
*Fool’s Day - April 1
*Health Day - April 7
*Parkinson’s Day - April 11
*Aviation and Cosmonautics Day - April 12
*Haemophilia Day - April 17
*World Heritage Day -April 18
*Earth Day - April 22
*Book and Copy Right Day -  April 23
*World Dance Day - April 29
*May Day, International Labourers Day - May 1
*Press Freedom Day - May 3
*Solar Energy Day - May 3
*Red Cross Day - May 8
*International Nurses Day -  May 12
*Family day - May 15
*Telecommunication day - May 17
*Anti- Terrorism day - May 21
*Bio-diversity Day - May 22
*Commonwealth Day - May 24
*Everest Day - May 29
*Anti-tobacco Day - May 31
*World Milk Day - June 1
*Environment Day - June 5
*Ocean Day - June 8
*Day Against Child Labour - June12
*Blood Donation Day - June 14
*World Day to combat  Desertification and drought - June 17
*Refugee Day - June 20
*Yoga Day - June 21
*International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking - June 26
*Poverty Day - June 28
*Doctors Day - July 1
*Population Day          -  July 11
*Malala Day                  - July 12
*Mandela Day - July 18     
*Hiroshima Day - August 6
*Nagasaki Day - August 9
*International Youth Day - August 12
*Sanskrit Day - August 22
*Coconut Day - September 2
*Literacy Day - September 8
*Ozone Day - September 16
*International Day of Peace - September 21
*Alzheimer’s Day - September 21
*Tourism Day - September 27
*World Heart Day - September 29
*UN Day of non-violence (Ahimsa Day ) - October 2
*Animal Welfare Day October 4
*Teachers Day October 5
*Postal Day October 9
*World Students day October 15
*Food Day                  - October 16
*U.N. Day                    October 24
*Thrift Day                  October 30
*Science Day November 10
*Diabetes Day November 14
*International Student’s Day - November 17
*AIDS Day - December 1
*International Day of people with disability - December 3
*Volunteer Day December 5
*Anticorruption Day December 9
*Human Rights Day December 10
*Mountain Day . December 11
*UNICEF Day December 11
*Human Solidarity Day  December 20
*World Boxing Day December 26



Sobriquets


Battlefield of Europe - Belgium
City of Arabian Nights - Baghdad
City of Cycles - Beijing
City of Dreaming Spires - Oxford 
City of Popes - Rome
City of Sky Scrappers - New York
City of Magnificent Distances - Washington DC
City of Golden Gate - San Francisco
City of Gems - Ratnapura
City of Seven Hills - Rome
Cockpit of Europe - Belgium
Dark Continent - Africa
Dairy of Northern Europe - Denmark 
Empire City - New York 
Emerald Island  - Ireland
Eternal City - Rome
Forbidden City - Lhasa (Tibet)
Fortunate Island - Canary Island
Gateway of Tears - Bab-el Mandeb
Garden of Italy - Sicily
Great White way - Broadway (New York) 
Garden of England - Kent
George Cross Island - Malta
*Gift of Nile - Egypt
*Granite City - Aberdeen
*Herring Pond - Atlantic Ocean
*Holy Land - Palestine
*Holy City - Jerusalem
*Hermit Kingdom - Korea
*Island of Pearls - Bahrain
*Island of Cloves - Madagascar
*Island of Spring - Jamaica
*Island Continent - Australia
*Island of Fire and Ice - Iceland
*India’s Tear Drops - Sri Lanka
*Kingdom in the Sky - Lesotho
*Land of Cakes - Scotland
*Land of Eagles - Albania
*Land of Flying Fish - Barbados
*Land of Fires - Iceland
*Land of Golden Fleece - Australia
*Land of Golden Pagoda - Myanmar
*Land of the Humming Bird - Trinidad
*Land of Kangaroo - Australia
*Land of Lillies - Canada
*Land of Maple - Canada
*Land of Morning Calm - Korea
*Land of Milk and Honey - Switzerland
*Land of Pyramid - Egypt
*Land of Midnight Sun - Norway
*Land of Seven Seas - Arabia
*Land of the Tulips - Netherlands
*Land of Thunder Dragon - Bhutan
*Land of Thousand Lakes - Finland
*Land of Thousand Elephants- Laos 
*Land of Thousand Hills - Rwanda
*Land of White Elephant - Thailand
*Little Venice - Venezuela
*Land of Hope & glory - England
*Land of Poets - Chile
*Land of Rainbow - South Africa
*Manchester of the orient - Osaka
*Medical City of the world - Vienna (Austria)
*Mother in-law of Europe - Denmark
*Never, Never Land - Prairies
*Pearl of Antilles - Cuba
*Pearl of Arabia - Bahrain
*Pearl of Indian Ocean - Sri Lanka
*Port of five seas - Moscow
*Pillars of Hercules - Strait of Gibraltar
*Playground of Europe - Switzerland
*Quaker City of USA - Philadelphia
*Queen city of South - Cebu (Philippines)
*Queen of the Adriatic -   Venice
*Rich Coast - Costa Rica
*Saw mill of Europe - Sweden
*Sorrow of China - River Huang Ho
*Sickman of Europe - Turkey
*Sugar Bowl of World - Cuba
*The red Island - Madagascar
*The Island of Spring - Jamaica
*The store house of the world - Mexico
*The promised land - Canaan
*The Modem Babylon - London
*The Spice Island of the west - Grenada
*Uncle Sam - USA
*Venice of the East - Bangkok
*Valley of kings - Thebes
*White City - Belgrade
*Windy City - Chicago
*Workshop of Europe - Belgium
*World’s Bread Basket - Prairies
*White Russia - Belarus
*Britain of the East - Japan
*Britain of the South - New Zealand
*Key to the Mediterranean - Gibraltar
*Land of Rising Sun - Japan
*Land of Thunder Bolt - Bhutan
*Roof of the World - Pamir



Countries and their Parliament


Countries  - Parliament
*Afghanistan-  Shora
*America - Congress
*Algeria - Popular National Assembly
*Argentina - National Congress
*Australia - Federal Parliament
*Bangladesh - Jatiya Sangsad
*Belgium - Federal Parliament
*Bhutan - Tshogdu
*Canada - Parliament
*China - National People’s Congress
*Cuba - National Assembly People’s Assembly
*Denmark - Folketing
*Egypt - People’s Assembly
*Estonia - Riigikogu
*Finland  -  Edaskunda
*France  -  National Assembly
*Germany -  Bundestag and Bundestrat
*Greece  - Hellenic Parliament    
*Greenland - Landstraad
*Iceland - Althing
*Indonesia   - People's Consultative Assembly
*Iran  - Majlis     
*Iraq  - Majlis-al-Wathani 
*Ireland   - Oireachtes 
*Israel  -  Knesset 
*Japan  -  Diet  
*Jordan -  Majlis-al-Umma    
*Korea (North)  -  Supreme People’s Assembly    
*Korea (South) - National Assembly
*Latvia -  Salima
*Lebanon - Majlis-Al-Nuwab (National Assembly)
*Luxembourg - Chamber of Deputies
*Myanmar - People’s Assembly (Pyithau Hluttau)
*Macedonia - Sobranie
*Mangolia  -  Great People’s Khural
*Malaysia - Dewan Rakyat (Parliament)
*Maldives - Majlis
*Mexico - Congress of the union.
*Netherlands - States General
*Nepal -  National Panchayat 
*Norway - Storting
*Pakistan - Majlis-e-Shoora
*Poland - Sejm
*Russia - State Duma
*Saudi Arabia -  Majlis-al-Shura
*South Africa - House of Assembly
*Spain - Cortes Generates
*Sweden -  Riksdag
*Switzerland - Federal Assembly
*Tajikistan -  Majlisi Oli
*Tanzania -  Bunge 
*Thailand - Rathasabha 
*Ukraine - Verkhovna Rada



Currency and Capitals


ASIA


Country 
           
Currency
       
Capital
    

*Afghanistan         Afghani            Kabul
*Armania                Dram                Yeravan
*Azerbaijan           Manath               Baku
*Bahrain -Dinar -Al-Manamah*Bangladesh- Taka -Dhaka
*Cambodia -Riel -Phnom Penh
*China -Yuan -Beijing
*East Timur -U.S. Dollar -Dili
*Georgia -Lari -Tibilisi
*Hong Kong -Hong Kong Dollar -Victoria
*Indonesia -Rupiah -Jakarta
*Iran -Rial -Tehran
*Iraq -Dinar -Baghdad
*Israel -Sheqel -Jerusalem
*Japan -Yen -Tokyo
*Jordan -Dinar -Amman
*Kazakhstan(Akmola)-Tenge -Astana
*Korea (North)-Won -Pyongyang
*Korea (South)-Won -Seoul
*Kuwait-Kuwait Dinar-Kuwait City
*Laos -Kip -Vientiane
*Lebanon -Pound- Beirut
*Malaysia -Ringgit -Kuala Lumpur
*Mongolia -Tugrik -Ulan Bator
*Myanmar -Kyat -Naypyi daw
*Nepal -Nepaleese Rupee-Kathmandu
*Oman -Oman Rial -Muscat
*Pakistan -Pakistani Rupee -Islamabad
*Philippines -Peso -Manila
*Qatar -Riyal -Doha
*Saudi -Arabia -Saudi Rial Riyadh
*Singapore -Dollar -Singapore City
*Sri Lanka -Rupee -Sri Jayawar- denapura kotte
*Syria -Syrian Pound -Damascus
*Taiwan -Dollar -Taipei
*Thailand -Baht -Bangkok
*Turkmenistan -Turkmen manath -Ashgabad
*United Arab Emirates -Dirham -Abu Dhabi
*Uzbekistan Som -Tashkent
*Vietnam       -  Dong          -    Hanoi
*Yemen      -   Riyal                  -  Sana



AFRICA


*Algeria  -Dinar   -Algiers
*Angola-Kwanza-Luanda
*Benin- CFA Franc-Porto-Novo
*Botswana-Pula-Gabarone
*Chad-CFA Franc-N’Djamena
*Cameroon -Comorian Franc-
*Comoros-Comorian Franc-Yaounde
*Egypt-Pound-Moroni
*Eritrea-Nakfa-Cairo
*Ethiopia-Birr-Addis Ababa
*Gabon-CFA Franc-Asmara
*Gambia-Dalasi-Banjul
*Ghana-Cedi-Libreville
*Guinea-Guinean Franc -Conakry
*Kenya-Keniyan Shilling -Nairobi
*Lesetho-Lotti-Accra-Masseru
*Liberia-Liberian Dollar -Monrovia
*Libya-Libian Dinar -Tripoli
*Madagascar-Ariary -Antananarivo
*Mali-CFA Franc -Bamako
*Mauritania-Ugiya-Nuwakchot
*Mauritius-Mauritian Rupee-Port Louis
*Morocco-Moroccan Dirham -Rabat
*Mozambique-Metical-Maputo
*Namibia-Namibian Dollar -Windhoek
*Niger-CFA Franc -Niamey
*Nigeria-Naira-Abuja
*Republic of Congo-CFA Franc-Brazzaville
*Rwanda -Rwandan franc-Kigali
*Sierra Leone -Leone-Free Town
*Somalia -Somalian shilling-Mogadishu
*Sudan (North) -Sudanese Pound-Khartoum
*Sudan (South)- South Sudaneese pound Juba
*Swaziland-Lilangeni -Mbabane,Lobamba
*Tanzania -Tanzanion Shilling -Dodoma
*Togo -CFA Franc -Lome
*Uganda -Uganda Shilling -Kampala
*Zambia -Zambian Kwacha -Lusaka
*Zimbabwe -Zimbabwean Dollar-Harare



EUROPE

 

*Albania -Lek -Tirana
*Austria -Euro -Vienna
*Belgium -Euro -Brussels
*Iceland- Krona -Reykjavik
*Ireland -Euro -Dublin
*France -Euro -Paris
*Finland -Euro -Helsinki
*Germany -Euro -Berlin
*Greece -Euro -Athens
*Hungary- Forint -Budapest
*Italy -Euro -Rome
*Netherlands-Euro -Amsterdam
*Norway -Krone -Oslo
*Poland -Zloty -Warsaw
*Portugal -Euro -Lisbon
*Romania -Leu -Bucharest
*Spain-Euro-Madrid
*Sweden -Swedish Krona -Stockholm
*Switzerland-Swiss Franc-Berne
*Russia -Rouble -Moscow
*United Kingdom -Pound Sterling -London
*Vatican -Euro -Vatican City
*Ukraine -Hryvna -Kiev
*Serbia -Dinar -Belgrade
*Montenegro-Euro -Podgorica
*Malta -Euro -Valletta
*Monaco -Euro -Monaco
*Sanmarino-Euro -Sanmarino
*Moldova     - Leu -Chisinau (Kishinev)
*Turky-Turkish Lira-Ankara



NORTH AMERICA


*Barbados  -Barbadian Dollar 
*Costa Rica-Costa Rican colon
*Cuba-Peso-Havana
*Guatemala-Quetzal-Guatemala City
*Jamaica-Jamaican Dollar-Kingston
*Mexico-Mexican Peso-Mexico City
*Nicaragua-Cordoba-Managua
*Panama-Balboa-Panama City
*United States-U.S. Dollar-Washington D.C. 
*Belize-Belize Dollar-Belmopan
*Dominica -East Caribbean Dollar-Roseau
*Grenada -East Caribbean Dollar-St. George’s
*ST Kitts and Nevis -East Caribbean Dollar-Basseterre
*St. Lucia-East Caribbean Dollar-Castries
*St. Vincent-East Caribbean Dollar-Kingstown



SOUTH AMERICA


*Argentina -Peso -Bunos Aires
*Bolivia -Boliviano- La Pas
*Brazil -Riyal -Brasilia
*Chile -Chilean peso -Santiago
*Colombia -Columbian Peso -Bogota
*Ecuador -U.S. Dollar -Quito
*Guyana -Guyanese Dollar -Georgetown
*Paraguay -Guarani -Asuncion
*Peru -Newosoul -Lima
*Suriname -Surinamese Dollar -Paramaribo
*Uruguay -UruguanPeso -Montevedo
*Venezuela-Boliver-Karakas



AUSTRALIA


*Australia -Dollar -Canberra
*Fiji -Fiji Dollar-Suva
*Kiribati -Australian Dollar -Tarawa
*Micronesia-U.S. Dollar-Palikir
*Marshall Island- U.S. Dollar-Majuro
*Nauru -Australian Dollar -Yaren District
*New Zealand -New Zealand -Dollar Wellington
*Papua New Guinea’ -Kina-Port Morseby
*Samoa -Tala -Apia
*Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands-Dollar-Honiara
*Tonga -Paanga -Nuku alofa
*Tuvalu -Tuvaluan Dollar -Funafuti
*Vanuatu- Vatu -Port Vila
*Bhutan-Ngultrum-Thimphu
*South Africa-Rand-Cape Town(legislative),Pretoria (administrative) 
*Denmark -Krone-Copenhagen
*Canada Canadian Dollar- Ottawa



National Anthems


*Afghanistan - Milli Tharana 
*Algeria-Kassaman
*Bangladesh - Amar Shonar Bangla 
*Bhutan -Druk tsendhen 
*China -March of the Volunteers 
*India -Jana Gana Mana 
*Japan -Kimigayo
*Malaysia -Negaraku 
*Pakistan -Qaumi Tarana 
*Spain -Marcha Real 
*UAE Ishy Bilady 
*Britan- God Save the Queen.



NEWS AGENCIES


*Reuters - Britain
*Kyodo - Japan
*Antara - Indonesia
*IRNA - Iran
*Xinhua - China
*Associated Press - USA 
*United Press International (UPI)- USA  
*Ansa - Italy
*Bernama - Malaysia
*Al Jazeera- Qatar
*Interfax - Russia
*SAPA - South Africa
*Tass, ITAR. - Russia
*Inter Press Service - Italy
*Press Trust of India - India
*UNI (United News of India)- India



Air Services


*Biman -Bangladesh
*Avianca -Colombia
*Air Pacific -Fiji
*Malev -Hungary
*Garuda-Indonesia
*Asiana Airlines-South Korea
*Aerofloat-Russia
*Lufthansa-Germany



Important Branches of Studies


*Acoustics -Study of production and properties of sound
*Astrology -Art of predicting the cause of human destiny
*Agrostology-Study of grass
*Anemology -Study of winds
*Aphnology -Study of Wealth
*Astronautics-Study of space travel.
*Astronomy -Science of heavenly bodies.
*Archaeology-Study of ancient relics of man.
*Bibliography-Study of books
*Brontology-Study of Thunder
*Caliology -Study of Bird’s nests
*Cartography-The science of making maps and globes
*Dermatology-Study of Skin
*Eremology-Study of Desert
*Entomology-Study of insects
*Etymology-Study of origin of words
*Halieutics-Study of fishing
*Heamatology-Study of Blood
*Hepatology-Study of liver
*Herpetology-Study of reptiles and amphibians
*Hypnology-Study Sleep
*Hippology-Study of horses
*Histology -Study of organic tissues
*Hydroponics Study of culture of plants in nutrient solution without soil.
*Lexicology-Study of words and meanings
*Limnology-Scientific study of fresh water Lakes
*Lexicography-Study of dictionary making
*Mycology -Study of Fungus
*Myrmecology-Study of ants
*Numismatics-Study of coins
*Obstetrics -Study of child birth
*Oenology -Study of wines
*Odontology-Study of teeth
*Ophthalmology-Study of disease of eye
*Ombrology-Study of rain
*Oneirology-Study of dreams
*Ophiology-Study of snakes
*Oology -Study of eggs
*Orology -Study of mountains
*Otology -Study of the ear
*Ornithology-Study of birds
*Petrology -Study of rocks and their properties.
*Philately -Study of stamp collection.
*Phycology (Algology) - Study of algae
*Pisciculture-Study of rearing of fish
*Paleontology-Study of fossil
*Pathology-Study of diseases
*Podiatry -Medical Study of foot
*Sericulture-Study of rearing of silk worm
*Theology -Study of religion
*Vexillology-Study of flags
*Xylogy -Study of wood
*Ichthyology-Study of fish
*Oncology -Study of Cancer
*Philology -Study of languages in written historical sources/literary texts
*Pomology - Study of fruits



Various Tribes of Manldnds


*Afrikaners (Boers)-The Dutch bom in South Africa
*Anglo Saxons-England
*Balti-Jammu & Kashmir
*Croats-Croatia, Slovenia
*Cossacks-Russia
*Dhodi-Gujarat
*Khassi/Garos-Hill tribes of Assam 
*Kurds-People of West Asia (Turkey, Iran and Iraq) 
*Maoris-Natives of New Zealand 
*Pygmies -Africa
*Red Indians-Original inhabitants of North America
*Zulus -People of South Africa living in certain parts of Natal
*Santhals-West Bengal, Bihar &Odisha
*Abhors-Assam
*Bhils-Rajasthan
*Angamis-Nagaland
*Apatanis-Arunachal Pradesh
*Badagas-Tamil Nadu 
*Bhotias-Uttar Pradesh 
*Birhor, Munda-Jharkhand
*Gaddis-Himachal Pradesh 
*Gujjar-Himachal Pradesh 
*Khonds-Odisha
*Kol, Bhils-Madhya Pradesh
*Kuki-Manipur
*Naikada-Goa
*Lepcha-Sikkim
*Lushais-Mizoram
*Ooralis-Kerala
*Onges Jarawas-Andaman & Nicobar Islands
*Santhal-Jharkhand
*Warlis-Maharashtra
*Eskimos - Greenland and of Arctic regions  Toda - Nilgiri Hills
*Khasi, Garo-Meghalaya



Fathers (World)


*Father of Printing -Gutenberg
*Father of Modem Cinema -D.W. Griffith
*Father of History -Herodotus
*Father of Modem history -Ranke
*Father of Economics -Adam Smith
*Father of Philosophy -Socrates
*Father of Sociology -Auguste Comte
*Father of English Poetry -Jeoffrey Chaucer
*Father of Biology -Aristotle
*Father of English Essay -Francis Bacon 
*Father of Medicine -Hippocrates 
*Father of Homoeopathy -Samuel Hahnemann
*Father of Socialism -Robert Owen
*Father of Co-operation -Robert Owen
*Father of Jurisprudence -Bentham
*Father of Atom Bomb-J. Robert Oppenheimer
*Father of Genetics -Gregor Mendel
*Father of Motor Car --Henry Ford
*Father of Renaissance -Petrarch
*Father of Reformation -Martin Luther
*Father of Democracy -Cleisthenes
*Father of Greek Democracy-Cleisthenes
*Father of Psychology - Sigmund Freud 
*Father of Computer - Charles Babbage 
*Father of Geometry - Euclid 
*Father of Scientific Socialism - Karl Marx 
*Father of Bangladesh - Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 
*Father of Pakisthan - Muhammad Ali Jinnah
*Father of Tanzania - Julius Nyerere
*Father of Mathematics- Pythagorus
*Father of Modem Mathematics- Rene Decarthe 
*Father of Modem Cartoon- William Hogarth 
*Father of Nuclear Physics- Ernest Rutherford 
*Father of Modem Drama - Henrik J. Ibsen 
*Father of Modem Tourism - Thomas Cook 
*Father of Painting - Leonardo Da Vinci
*Father of Modem Painting- Pablopikkaso 
*Father of Green Revolution - Norman Borlaug 
*Father of Scientific history - Thucydides 
*Father of Law - John Locke
*Father of Bacteriology - Louis Pasteur 
*Father of Neutron Bomb - Samuel T-Kohen 
*Father of Internet - Winton Serf
*Father of Indology - William Jones 
*Father of Black Box - David Warren 
*Father of test tube baby - Robert. G. Edward
*Father of Super computer - Seymour Cray 
*Father of Modem Olympics - Pierre-de- Coubertin
*Father of Cell-Science- Robert Hook
*Father of Asian games - Gum Dutt Sondhi 
*Father of anatomy - Herophilis 
*Father of E-mail -Ray Tomilson
*Father of hot mail -Sabir Bhatia
*Father of Logarithm -John Nappier
*Father of Orkut -Orkut Buyukkokten
*Father of Facebook -Mark Zuckerberg
*Father of WhatsApp -Jan Koum
*Father of Twitter -Jack Dorsey



Sobriquets-Persons


*Light of Asia -Sri Buddha
*Light of the world -Jesus Christ
*Good Shephered -Jesus Christ
*Prince of Pilgrimage -Hiuen Tsang
*Prince of Travellers-Marco Polo
*Prince of Beggers, Mahamana-Madan Mohan Malavya
*Rascal Monk -Rasputin 
*Apostle of Free Trade -Richard Cobden 
*Columbus of Space-Yuri Gagarin 
*Master of Suspense-Alfred Hitchcock 
*Second Duke- Benitto Mussolini 
*Iron Duke -Duke of Wellington 
*Poet’s Poet -Edmund Spenser 
*Desert Fox -Erwin Rommer 
*Lady with the Lamp- Florence Nightingale 
*G.B.S.-George Bernard Shaw 
*Little corporal -Napolean Bonaparte 
*Maid of Orleans -Joan of Arc 
*Fuhrer (Fuehrer)-Adolf Hitler
*Man of blood and Iron - Otto von Bismark 
*Bard of Avon- William Shakespeare
*Grand Old man of Britain - Gladstone 
*Philosopher Teacher - Aristotle
*Iron Butterfly/Iron Lady -Margaret Thatcher 
*Lady with the lamp -Florence Nightingale 



Inventions and Discoveries


*Adding Machine - Blaise Pascal
*Aero plane - Wright Brothers
*Air Conditioner - Willis Carrier
*Atom Bomb - Robert Oppenheimer
*Aspirin - Felix Hoffmann
*Atomic Theory - Dalton
*Ultra Sound Scan - Ian Donald
*Antiseptic Surgery - Joseph Lister
*Petrol Engine - Karl Benz
*Blood Group - Karl Landsteiner 
*Barometer - Torricelli
*Bicycle - Mac Millan 
*Braille system- Louis Braille
*Circulation of Blood - William Harvey
*Computer - Charles Babbage
*Cinema - Lumiere Brothers
*Crescograph- J.C. Bose
*C.T. Scan - Godfrey Hounsfield 
*Cholera Bacillus- Robert Koch
*DDT - Dr. Paul Muller 
*Dynamite - Alfred Nobel
*Electric battery - Alessandro Volta
*Electricity - Faraday
*Electron - J J. Thomson
*Electric Lamp.- Thomas Alva Edison
*Fountain pen- Lewis Waterman
*Glider - George Cayley
*Gramaphone- Thomas
*Insulin - F. Banting & Best 
*Law of Gravitation - Issac Newton
*Law of Heredity - G. Mendal
*Laser - Theodore Maiman
*Lift-Elisha G Otis
*Lightning Conductor-Benjamin Franklin
*Logarithm-John Napier
*Maser-Charles H. Townes
*Mouse-Douglass Engelbart
*Microphone-Graham Bell
*MRI Scan-Raymond V. Damadian
*Microscope-Janssen
*Neon-William Ramsay
*Nylon-Wallace Carothers
*Oxygen -J.B. Priestly
*Penicillin -Alexander Fleming
*Dynamo -Michael Faraday
*X-ray -W.C. Rontgen
*Photocopying machine- Chester Carlson
*Powerloom -E. Cartwright
*Printing -Gutenberg
*Revolver -Samuel Colt
*Refrigerator-James Harrison
*Safety Lamp-Humphry Davy
*Safety Match-John Edvard Lund
*Safety Pin -Walter Hunt
*Safety Razor-Gillette
*Sewing Machine -Barthelling Thimonnier
*Alva Edison-Steam Engine-James Watt
*Stethescope-Rene Laennec
*Super Computer-Seymour Cray
*Telescope -Galileo
*Television -J.L. Baird
*Transistor-William Shockley and John Bardeen
*Typewriter-Sholes
*Telephone-Alexander Graham Bell
*Theory of Evolution -Charles Darwin 
*Theory of Relativity -Albert Einstein 
*Tyre-Dunlop
*Vulcanization-Charlers Goodyear 
*Wireless-Marconi



UN INTERNATIONAL YEAR


*International Tourist year - 1967
*International year of Human Rights - 1968
*International Education year - 1970
*World Population year - 1974
*International Women’s year - 1975
*International year of the Child - 1979
*World Communication year - 1983
*International year of peace - 1986
*International Literacy year - 1990
*International Space year - 1992
*International year for the Eradication of poverty - 1996
*International year of the Ocean - 1998
*International year of Mountains - 2002
*International year of Freshwater - 2003
*International year of Rice-2004
*International year of Physics - 2005
*International year of Deserts and Desertification - 2006
*International Polar year/International Dolphin year - 2007
*International year of planet Earth/ International year of Languages/ International year of 
*Sanitation/International year of the Potato - 2008
*International year of Natural Fibres/ International year of Astronomy - 2009
*International year of biodiversity- 2010
*International year of Chemistry/Intemational year of Forest - 2011
*International year of Co-operatives - 2012
*International year of Water Co-operation -2013
*International year of Family Farming - 2014
*International year of Light and Light-based Technologies/Intemational year of Soils -2015
*International year of Pulses - 2016
*International year of Sustainable Tourism for Development - 2017



INTERNATIONAL DECADES


*Decade for Human Rights Education - 1995 - 2004
*Decade for the Eradication for Poverty - 1997 - 2006 
*International Decade for a culture of peace and Non-violence for the children of the world - 2001-2010 
*United Nations Literacy Decade - 2003 - 2012
*United Nations Decade of Education for sustainable Development - 2005 - 2014 
*United Nations Decade for Deserts and the Fight against Desertification - 2010 - 2020 
*United Nations Decade of Sustainable Energy for All-2014-2024
*United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition - 2016 - 2025 



World Television Day is celebrated on 

(a) May 21                    (b) June 29
(c ) November 21 (d) March 22
Ans. (c ) November 21
(Civil Excise Officer, 2017
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