LITERATURE 1

*The literature includes fiction, non-fiction, fables, travelogues, poetry etc.
*The creative writings of an author from imagination
Ans : Fiction 
*Writings about real life
Ans : Non fictions 
*The examples of Non-fiction
Ans : History, Biography, Autobiography, Essays 
*‘Fable’ is a moral story.
*The travelling experience of an author 
Ans : Travelogues
*Lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning the deeds of a legendary or historical hero
Ans : Epic
*Elaborately structured poem praising or glorifying an event or individual
Ans : Ode 
*Comedy which aims at entertaining the audience
Ans : Farce
*Poem which contains fourteen lines
Ans : Sonnet
*Form of verse, often set to music
Ans : Ballad 
*A preface or introductory part of a poem or novel
Ans : Prologue
*Piece of writing at the end of a work of literature or drama
Ans : Epilogue 
*A device often used in drama where by a character speaks to himself or herself
Ans : Soliloquy



William Shakespeare


*William Shakespeare is known as 'Bard of Avon' and England's National poet.
*He was bom at Stratford-upon- Avon (England).
*April 23, Shakespeare’s death Anniversary is observed as World Book Day every year.
*Shakespeare’s major tragedies are ‘Hamlet’, King Lear’, Othello;, Macbeth’, Romeo and Juliet’, Antony and Cleopatra.
*All’s Well That Ends Well, As You Like It, The Comedy of Errors, The Merchant of Venice are other important comedies of Shakespeare.
*Henry VI part I is the first and ‘The Tempest’ is supposed to be his last play. 
*Speech presented by a single character most. often to express their thoughts aloud
Ans : Monologue
*Kind of poem in which single fictional or historical character other than the poet speaks to a silent ‘audience’ of one or more persons Dramatic monologue
*A mournful, melancholic poem especially a general song or lament for the dead
Ans : Elegy
*A brief , interesting , memorable and sometimes surprising or satirical statement
Ans : Epigram
*A traditional or legendary story usually concerning some being or hero or event
Ans : Myth
*A repetition of similar sounds in two or more words and is most often used in poetry and songs
Ans : Rhyme
*The main character of a literary, theatrical, cinematic or musical narrative
Ans : Protagonist 
*A character who represents the opposition against the protagonist
Ans : Antagonist 
*A well known lexicographer who compiled the first dictionary in English Samuel Johnson
*The highest award in the field of literature Nobel Prize
*World's first Gender Literature festival will be held in Patna (from 7th April to 9th April,2017)
*Two famous Greek epics written by Homer 
Illiad and Odyssey 
*Sophocles - Greek Tragedian 
*His works - Oedipus the king, Electra 
*Herodotus - Father of History 
*Aritophanes - Greek comedy playwright 
*His works - The Wasps, Lysistrata 
*The well known orator in Greek Demosthenese
*Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, etc. were great philosophers in Greek.
*The poet known as ‘Nature poet’ in English literature
Ans : William Wordsworth
*His major works The Solitary Reaper,The Prelude Lyrical Ballads.



Father of English Essay


*Father of English Essay
Ans : Francis Bacon
*Francis Bacon’s works are ‘Of studies’, ‘Of truth’, 'Of travels’ etc.
*The famous works of Aristotle
Ans : Poetics and Politics
*‘The Republic' is the work of Plato.
*The father of short story
Ans : Edgar Allen Poe
*The founder of the science fiction novel
Ans : Jules Verne
*The real name of Mark Twain is
Ans : Samuel Clemens
*Who is often called ‘Father of Humanism'
Ans : Petrarch
*War and Peace, Anna Karenina, Resurrection etc are written by
Ans : Leo Tolstoy
*Father of English poetry
Ans : Geoffery Chaucer
*Famous poem written by Chaucer
Ans : The Canterbury Tales 
*Gandhiji’s favourite writer was 
Ans : Leo Tolstoy
*The Rigveda marks the beginning of ancient Sanskrit literature. 
*Subrahmanya Bharati was the poet who introduced a new style in Tamil poetry by adopting themes like freedom and feminism for his poems.
*The father of modern Telungu literature
Ans : Kundukuri Virasalingam Pantalu
*The disciple of Socrates
Ans : Plato
*The disciple of Plato 
Ans : Aristotle
*The disciple of Aristotle
Ans : Alexander the Great



Evergreen characters and their creators


*Cordelia -Shakespeare
*Desdemona-Shakespeare
*Ariel-Shakespeare
*Shylock -Shakespeare
*Iago -Shakespeare
*Lady Macbeth  -Shakespeare
*Anna Karenina -Leo Tolstoy
*Sherlock Homes -Arthur Conan Doyle
*Dr, Watson-Arthur Conan Doyle
*Phantom -Leon-Lee Falk
*Mandrake -Leon-Lee Falk
*Friday-Daniel Defoe 
*Robinson Crusoe -Daniel Defoe
*Kim -Rudyard Kipling
*Mowgli -Rudyard Kipling
*Micky Mouse  -Walt Disney
*Jean Val Jean-Victor Hugo 
*James Bond-Ian Fleming
*Dracula -Bram Stocker
*Gora -Tagore



Major works and its Authors


*Caesar and Cleopatra, Apple Cart, The Doctor’s Dilemma, The man of Destiny, Arms and the Man, Man and Superman, Widower’s Houses - George Bernad Shaw
*War and Peace, Anna Karenina, Resurrection, A Lost Opportunity, Three Deaths, Master and Man -Leo Tolstoy
*The Social Contract, Emile Jean - Jacques Rousseau 
*Divine Comedy -Dante
*The Prince -Machiavelli
*Das Capital -Karl Marx
*Communist Manifesto
Ans : Marx & Frederic Engels 
*The Waste land, Murder in the Cathedral, Four Quartets, The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock
Ans : T.S. Eliot
*A Passage to India, The Longest Journey, Where Angels Fear to Tread 
Ans : E.M. Forster
*Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, The Brothers Karamazov
Ans : Fyodor Dostoyevsky
*Good Earth, A House Divided, Sons, The Living Reed, The Child who never grew 
Ans : Pearl S. Buck
*Unto this Last, The Seven Lamps of Architecture, The Stones of Venice
Ans : John Ruskin
*The Snows of Kilimanjaro, A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls, The Old Man and the Sea
Ans : Earnest Hemingway
*Aeneid, Eclogues
Ans : Virgil
*Epistles, Odes, Satires
Ans : Horace
*The Raven, The black Cat
Ans : Edgar Allan Poe
*Decameron, The Filocolo
Ans : Giovanni Boccaccio
*Letter to a Noble Lord, Reflections on the ' Revolution in France
Ans : Edmund Burke 
*The Interpretation of Dreams, The future of an illusion
Ans : Sigmond Freud
*Siddhartha, The Glass Bead Game
Ans : Hermann Hesse
*Mein Kampf
Ans : Adolf Hitler
*Dr. Zhivago,The Blind Beauty, The last Summer
Ans : Boris Pasternack
*The Stronger, The Rebel,The Plague
Ans : Albert Camus
*Being and Nothingness, Age of Reason
Ans : Jean Paul Sartre
*The Count of Monte Cristo, Twenty Years After
Ans : Alexandre Dumas
*Around the World in Eighty Days
Ans : Jules Verne
*Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Ans : Mark Twain 
*Rip Van Winkle
Ans : Washington Irving
*Paradise Lost
Ans : John Milton
*Utopia, The Sadness of Christ
Ans : Sir Thomas More
*Freedom at Midnight
Ans : Larry Collins & Dominique Lapiare
*The Treasure Island
Ans : R.L. Stevenson
*Wuthering Heights
Ans : Emily Bronte
*Less Miserables, The Man who Laughs
Ans : Victor Hugo
*Ulysses - James Joyce
*Fairie Queen - Edmund Spencer
*Dr. Faust - Goethe
*Gulliver’s Travels - Jonathan Swift
*The Duel, The Black Monk, Cherry Orchard, The Seagull - Anton Chekov  
*The Pilgrims Progress-John Bunyan 
*The Brave New World, Ends and Means
Aldous Huxley
*The Bolivian Diary
Ans : Che Guevara 
*One Hundred Years of Solitude, Living to Tell the tale, Love in the time of Cholera
Ans : Gabriel Garcia Marquez 
*The Godfather
Ans : Mario Puzo
*The Portrait of a Lady
Ans : Henry James 
*The Death of a Salesman
Ans : Arthur Miller 
*The Bell Jar
Ans : Sylvia Plath 
*Asian Drama, An inquiry into the poverty of nations
Ans : Gunnar Myrdal
*On the Origin of Species, Descent of man
Ans : Charles Darwin
*The Mother - Maxim Gorky 
*Varieties of Disturbance, Can’t and Won’t, The End of the Story, Almost No Memory
Ans : Lydia Davis
*Dear Life, Too Much Happiness, Open Secrets, The Progress of Love 
Ans : Alice Munro
*The Narrow Road to the Deep North, The Unknown Terrorist, Wanting
Ans : Richard Flanagan
*Amsterdam - Ian McEwan 
*Business the Speed of Thought, The Road Ahead
Ans : Bill Gates
*When Science Meets Religion
Ans : Ian Barbour 
*Letters from Robben Island
Ans : Ahmed Kathrada 
*India in slow motion
Ans : Mark Tully
*A Brief History of Time, The Universe in a Nutshell 
Ans : Stephen Hawkings



Charles Dickens


*A Tale of two cities  
*Oliver Twist
*The Pickwick Papers
*David Copper field
*Great Expectations The Adventures of Our Mutual Friend 
*The Old Curiosity Shop
*The Rogue States - Noam Chomsky 
*It was five past midnight in Bhopal
Ans : Domanique Lapierre and Javier Moro 
*The Life of Indira Nehru Gandhi
Ans : Katherine Frank
*The Tin Drum, Cat and Mouse, Peeling the Onion
Ans : Gunter Grass
*The Google Story
Ans : David A Vise
*Deception Point, Digital Fortress, The Da Vinci Code
Ans : Dan Brown
*The Last Mughal - William Dalrymple
*The Museum of Innocence
Ans : Orhan Pamuk
*The Golden Note Book,The Grass is Singing
Ans : Doris Lessing
*The Decline of the West
Ans : O. Spengler
*Death Under Sail
Ans : C.P. Snow 
*The History of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Ans : Edward 
*Gibbon Name - Dropping
Ans : John Kenneth Galbraith 
*The Essays of Elia - Charles Lamb T
*he fair Heaven - Samuel Butler 
*The Expanding Universe
Ans : Arthur Stanley Eddington 
*Experiment with untruth
Ans : Michael Henderson 
*The Eye of the Storm
Ans : Patrick white 
*Far from the Madding Crowd
Ans : Thomas Hardy
*Days of His Grace
Ans : Eyvind Johnson
*The Gathering,The wig my father wore,what are you like?
Ans : Anne Enright
*Banker to the poor:Creating a world without poverty?
Ans : Muhammad Yunus 
*A Bend in the Ganges - Manohar Malgonkar 
*Adam Bede, The Mill on the Floss 
Ans : George Eliot
*Airport, Hotel - Arthur Hailey 
*Alice in Wonderland - Lewis Carroll 



Pen Names


Pen Names 
   
Real Names

*Boz-Charles Dickens
*Lewis Carrol- Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
*Elia - Charles Lamb
*Geoffrey Crayon - Washington Irving
*Chanakya - Jawaharlal Nehru
*Silence Dogood - Benjamin Franklin
*George Eliot - Mary Ann Evans
*O. Henry - William Sydney Porter
*Saki - Hector Hugh Munro
*Voltaire - Francois-Marie Arouet
*Mary Westmacott - Agata Christie
*Ellis Bell - Emily Bronte
*Mark Twain - Samuel Laghorne Clemens
*G.B.S. - George Bernard Shaw
*Maxim Gorky - Alexi Maximovich Peshkov
*George Orwell - Erick Arthur Blair



*The Culture of Contentment
Ans : J.K. Galbraith
*Ambassador’s Report
Ans : Chester Bowles 
*Ape and Essence
Ans : Aldous Huxley 
*Angels in America : A Gay Fantasia on National Themes
Ans : Tony Kushner 
*Arabian Nights - Sir Richard Burton 
*Telescopes in India - Mohan Sundara Rajan 
*A Message from the East - Mohamed Iqbal
*Born Free, a lioness of two worlds
Joy Adamson 
*Dilemma of our Times
Ans : Harold Joseph Laski 
*Shivaji: Hindu King in Islamic India
Ans : James W Laine 
*World Cup Cricket- Peter Murray 
*Diana, Her True Story
Ans : Andrew Morton



Autobiographies


*The Tunnel of Time - R.K. Laxman
*In the Afternoon of Time - Harivansh Rai Bachchano
*Man of Everest-Tenzing Norgey
*Rasidi Ticket - Amrita Pritam 
*A Passion For Dance - Yamini Krishnamurthi 
*An Indian Pilgrim - Subash Chandra Bose 
*Nothing Venture Nothing Win-Sir Edmund Hillary
*Confessions -Rousseau
*The Story of My Life -Helen Keller
*Unbreakable -Marykom
*Suragi -U.R. Ananthamurthy
*I am Malala-Malala Yousaf Zai
*My Experiments with Truth - Mahatma Gandhi 
*An Autobiography - Jawaharlal Nehru
*My country My Life -L.K.Adwani
*The Test of My Life -Yuvraj Singh
*Freedom in Exile -Dalai Lama
*The Race of My Life -Milkha Singh
*A Shot at History -Abhinav Bindra
*Playing it My Way-Sachin Tendulkar (This Book won the corssword Book of the year Award 2016 in autobioraphy category)
*The Greatest: My Own Story - Muhammad Ali
*Courage and Conviction - General VK Singh 
*My Story -Kamala Surayya
*My Life -Bill Clinton
*One Life is Not Enough-K Natwar Singh
*Straight from the Heart-Kapil Dev
*Wings of Fire- A.P. J. Abdulkalam
*Dreams from my Father - Barack Obama  
*Mein Kampf (My Struggle)- Adolf Hitler
*The Insider- P.V. Narasimha Rao
*Wandering in Many Worlds-V.R. Krishna Iyer
*Tiger’s Tale-Mansur Ali Khan Pataudi
*Up from Slavery-Booker T. Washington
*Fall of a Sparrow-Dr. Salim Ali
*Long walk to freedom-Nelson Mandala  
*Playing to Win-Saina Nehwal 
*The Band of Brothers - Stephen Ambrose 
*The Death of Vishnu - Manil Suri 
*Lajjah, French Lover, No Country For Women-Taslima Nasreen
*The House of Blue Mangoes-David Davidar
*Soul Mountain-Gao Xingjian
*Fatelessness-Imre kertesz
*True History of Kelly Gang-Peter Carey
*The Everest Hotel -Allan Sealy
*All the Prime Minister’s Men-Janardan Thakur
*Benhur -Lewis Wallace
*The Mousetrap - Agatha Christie 
*Higher than Hope; The authorized Biography of Nelson Mandela- Fathima Meer
*Jungle book - Rudyard Kipling
*Jurassic Park - Michael Crichton
*Last Orders - Graham Swift
*Rubaiyat - Omar Khayam
*Leviathan - Thomas Hobbes
*Doctor Faustus - Christopher Marlowe
*The Vicar of Wake field-Oliver Goldsmith
*Time Machine, Invisible Man-H.G. Wells
*The Lotus Eaters, In Memorium-Alfred Tennyson
*Vanity Fair-W.M. Thackeray
*Waiting for Godot - Samuel Beckett
*The Ancient Mariner- S.T. Coleridge
*Pamela - Samuel Richardson
*Tales from Shakespeare-Charles Lamb
*To the Lighthouse - Virginia Woolf
*Ninteen Eighty Four- George Orwell
*In Light of IndiaOctavio Paz
*The Lion and the Jewel, A Dance of the Forests -Wole Soyinka



Books of Leaders & Politicians


*The Audacity of Hope, Words that Changed a Nation-Barack Obama
*Midnight Diaries, Against the Grain-Boris Yeltsin
*The First Person - Vladimir Putin
*Back to Work, Between Hope and History,My Life - Bill Clinton
*Hard Choices, Living History, An invitation to the White House - Hilary Clinton
*Ethics for the New Millennium-Dalai Lama
*The Gathering Storm, The Second World War, The History of English Speaking peoples- Winston Churchill
*August Coup - Mikhail’ Gorbachev
*If I am Assassinated, Pakistan, The Gathering Storm - Z.A. Bhutto
*Friends and Foes - Sheik Mujibur Rahman
*Diplomacy, The White House Years-Henry Kissinger 
*Midterm Poll, Beyond survival : Emerging Dimensions of Indian Economy, The Dramatic Decade:The Indira Gandhi Years - Pranab Mukherjee 
*A Prisoner’s Scrap Book-L.K. Advani 
*Prison Diary - Jayaprakash Narayan 
*The Perils of Democracy, India in the New Millennium, Through the Corridors of Power, My Years with Indira Gandhi-P.C. Alexander
*Defending India - Jaswant Singh 
*A Secular Agenda, Worshipping False Gods -Arun Shourie
*Glimpses of World History, The Discovery of India,A Bunch of Old Letters, Letters from a Father to His Daughter-Jawaharlal Nehru
*A Hindu View of Life, Indian Philosophy, An Idealist View of Life-Dr. S. Radhakrishnan 
*Wake up India ‘ - Annie Besant 
*Unhappy India, Shivaji the great patriot-Lala Lajpat Rai
*Conquest of self, Hind Swaraj -Gandhiji
*Flight to Parliament- Rajesh Pilot 
*The Indian Struggle, An Indian Pilgrim, Alternative leadership - Subhash Chandra Bose
*India Divided, Satyagraha in Champaran-Rajendra Prasad 
*Eternal India, My Truth-Indira Gandhi
*The Path to Power- Margaret Thatcher
*The Golden Threshold, Broken Wing- Sarojini Naidu
*India Wins Freedom - Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 
*Job for Millions, Voice of Conscience, My Life and Time- V.V. Giri
*Gita Rahasya- Bal Gangadhara Tilak
*Ayodhya -6 Dec. 1992, A long way-P.V.Narasimha Rao 
*The Scope of Happiness : A Personal Memoir -Vijyalakshmi Pandit
*Without Fear or Favour- Neelam Sanjeev Reddy 
*A Judge’s Miscellany- M. Hidayatullah
*India’s Foreign Policy, A Foreign Policy for India - I.K. Gujral
*Travelling through Conflict, Essays on the Politics of West Asia - Hamid Ansari
*A Speaker’s Diary - Murli Manohar Joshi 
*Crisis into Chaos - E.M.S.
*The First War of Independence-V.D. Savarkhar 
*My South Block Years-J.N. Dixit 
*Dynamics of Social Change-Chandra Shekar
*Who is Kalam? - R. Ramanathan
*Ignited Minds, Spirit of India-A.P.J Abdul Kalam 
*One life is Not Enough - Natwar Singh 
*Odyssey of My Life - Shivraj Patil 
*New Dimensions of India’s Foreign Policy, National Integration, Dynamics of an Open Society - A.B. Vajpayee



Ancient Indian  Works


*Abhijnana Sakunthalam, Malavikagnimitram, Meghadoot,Vikramorvasiyam,Raghuvamsam-Kalidasa
*Arthasastra - Chanakya / Kautilya
*Ashtadhyayi - Panini
*Ashtangahridaya - Vagbhata
*Buddhacharitha - Aswaghosha
*Ain-i-Akbari, Akbamama-Abul Fazal
*Gita Govinda-Jayadeva
*Indica -Megasthanese
*Kadambari, Harshacharitha-Banabhatta
*Kamasutra- Vatsyayana
*Leelavathi, Sidhantha Shiromani-Bhaskaracharya
*Manusmriti-Manu
*Mudrarakshasa, Devi Chandra Guptam-Visakhadatta
*Natyasastra-Bharatamuni
*Panchatantra-Vishnusarma
*Rajatharangini-Kalhana
*Ratnavali, Priyadarshika-Harshavardhana
*Thirukkural-Thiruvalluvar
*Vikramankadeva Charita-Bilhana
*Uttara Ramacharitham-Bhavabhooti 
*Swapnavasavadatta, Kamabharam-Bhasa
*Vasavadatta-Subandhu
*Manimekhala-Sathanar
*Ramacharithamanasa, Vinaya patrika-Thulasi Das
*Brihatkathamanjari - Kshemendra
*Kathasaritsagara - Somadeva
*Hitopathesa - Narayan Pandit
*Mattavilasa Prahasana, Bhagavathajjuka-Mahendra Varman I
*Si-yu-ki -Hieun Tsang
*Fu-Kuo-ki -Fa-hien
*Chand Bardai
*Mitakshara -Vijnaneswara
*Nithisara -Kamandakiya
*Charaka Samhitha -Charaka
*Nalavenba -Pugalendi
*Prithviraj Vijaya -Jayanak
*Prithviraj Raso -Harisena
*Brihatkathakosh -Pathanjali
*Mahabhashya -Sri Harsha
*Naishat Charitha -Divakara
*Amokharaghava
*Tapathi Samvama, Subhadradhananjaya-Kulasekhara 
*Sree Krishnavilasa Kavyam-Sukumara Kavi
*Kokilasandesa-Uddhanda Sastri
*Dasakumaracharitham, Kavyadarsha-Dandin
*Mriccha Katika -Sudraka
*Malathimadhava,Uttararamacharitha-Bhava Bhuti
*Dayabhaga -Jimutavahana
*Kiratharjuniya -Bharavi
*Brahmasputasiddhanta- Brahma Gupta Panchasiddhantika, Brihat Jataka, Brihat Samhita,-Varahamihira
*Lakhujataka Suryasiddhanta Silappathikaram, Kirathaijuniyam - Ilango Adigal 



Indian Literature


*Durgesh Nandini, Anandmath-Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
*Poverty and Famines- Dr. Amarthya Sen Summer in Culcutta - Kamala Das
*Death of a city, Pinjar, Dilli Ki Galiyan-Amritha Preetham
*Imaging India -Nandan Nilekani
*Years of Pilgrimage -Dr. Raja Ramanna
*Truth - Kushwant Singh
*Freedom Song-Amit Chaudhari
*Harvest -Manjula Padmanabhan
*The fire and the rain, Nagamandala-Girish Karnad
*Broken Wings-Sarojini Naidu
*Godaan, Nirmala-Premchand
*Devadas -Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyaya
*Ganadevatha-Tara Sankar Bandhopadhyaya
*Abhi Bilkul Abhi,Zameen pak Rahi hai,Yahan Se dekho,Kalapana aur chhayavad-Kedar Nath singh
*Paakudu Raallu,Un Aankhon ki katha,India Badaji Grandha Mala-Ravuri Bharadhwaja
*Sheela Padma,Yajnaseni,Aranya-Prathiba Ray
*Samskara, Bhava, Avasthe, Mouni, Bharathipura, Hindutva Athava Hind Swaraj-U.R.Anantha Murthy
*The Indian author who was awarded Fukuoka Prize in 2015 - Ramachandra Guha



Indian Writers in English


*The God of Small Things, The Algebra of Infinite Justice, The End of Imagination
Ans : Arundhati Roy 
*The Inheritance of Loss, Moth & Smoke, Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard
Ans : Kiran Desai
*Between the Lines,The Judgement, Distant Neighbours, India-The Critical Years
Ans : KuldipNayar
*Interpreter of Maladies,Unaccustomed Earth, The Namesake, The Lowland
Ans : Jhumpa Lahiri 
*The White Tiger, Between the Assassinations, Last man in Tower 
Ans : AravindAdiga
*‘ The Lives of others’, A State of Freedom : Past Continuous, A life Apart
Ans : Neel Mukherjee 
*Fasting and Feasting, Fire on the Mountain, Games at Twilight, Clear light, of Day, In Custody
Ans : Anita Desai
*Half a life, Beyond Belief, The Enigma of Arrival, In a free State, A House for Mr. Biswas, An area of Darkness
Ans : V.S. Naipaul 
*The Golden Gate, A Suitable Boy, An Equal Music, Two lives
Ans : Vikram Seth
*Midnights Children, The Satanic Verses
Ans : Salman Rushdie
*Dipa Karmakar: The small wonder authored by sports journalists. Vimal Mohan, Dig Vijay Singh, Deo and Dipa Karmakar’s coach Bishwesh war Naidu
*A Passage to England, To live or not to live , Culture in the Vanity Bag, The autobiography of an unknown Indian-Nirad C. Chaudhuri
*Untouchable, The Village, The Sword and the Sickle, Coolie, The Bride’s Book of Beauty, The Private Life of an Indian Prince
Ans : Mulk Raj Anand
*The Guide, Malgudi Days, Waiting for the Mahatma, A Horse and the Two Goats, Swami and Friends
Ans : R.K. Narayan
*The man who killed Gandhi, Distant Drum, The Princes - Manohar Malgonkar
*India: From Midnight to Millennium, The Five Dollar Smile and other stories, Kerala, Gods Own Country, The Great Indian Novel
Ans : Shashi Tharoor
*Train to Pakistan, The Company of Women, Burial at sea, Book of Unforgettable Women, Truth Love & A Little Malice
Ans : Khushwant Singh
*Such a long Journey, Family Matters, A fine balance
Ans : Rohinton Mistry
*Five point Someone, One night @ the call center, The 3 mistakes of my life, 2 states,Revolution 2020, Half girl friend, What young India Wants
Ans : Chetan Bhagat
*Speed Post, Selective Memory, Starry Nights,Socialite Evenings,Surviving Men
Ans : Shobhaa De
*Kanthapura, The serpent and the Rope, The cat and Shakespeare
Ans : Raja Rao
*Ladies Coupe, Cut Like Wound, The Lilac House, Alphabet Soup for Lovers
Ans : Anita Nair
*The Rozabal Line, Chanakya’s Chart, Krishna key - Ashwin Sanghi
*The Unfinished man, The Three Plays, Night of the Scorpion - Nissim Ezekiel
*Ramanujar - Indira Parthasarathy
*Bhakti Yoga, Rajayoga, Karma Yoga
Ans : Swami Vivekananda
*The Naked Triangle - Balwant Gargi
*The Pick up - Nadine Gordimer 
*Memories and Musings - K.P.S. Menon 
*Servants of India, The tunnel of Time 
Ans : R.K. Laxman 
*From Green to Evergreen revolution
Ans : M.S. Swaminathan
*As I See, It’s always possible,what went wrong ? 
Ans : Kiran Bedi
*India’s Legal System: Can it be saved
Ans : Fali S. Nariman
*Utopia-A Bold New World - Shishir Gupta
*Sacred Games-Vikram Chandra
*The Future of India: Politics, Economics, and Governance 
Ans : Bimal Jalan
*An Iron Harvest 
Ans : C.P. Surendran
*From Surprise to Victory
Ans : Gen. V.P. Malik
*God’s Little Soldier Cuckold 
Ans : Kiran Nagarkar
*Impossible Allies - C. Raja Mohan
*Blood Brothers - M.J. Akbar
*Big Egos Small Men - Ram Jethmalani 
*The unfinished Dream, I too had a Dream
Ans : Varghese Kurian
*Many Everests : An Inspiring Journey of Transforming Dreams Into Reality
Ans : Ravindrakumar (First IAS Officer of India to climb Mt. Everest)
*The Home and the World, The Post Office, The Religion of Man, Fruit Gathering
Ans : Rabindranath Tagore 
*Beyond Boundaries - Swaraj Paul 
*Pakistan Papers - Mani Shankar Aiyar
*Tsunami, 7 hours that shook the world -Satinder Bindra
*The Pedler of Soaps - Anand Kurian 
*A Brush with Life - Satish Gujral 
*Katha Kaho Urvasi - Dalip Kaur, Tiwana
*Development as freedom, Choice of technique: An Aspect of the Theory of planned Economic development, Identity i and Violence : The Illusion of Destiny
Ans : Prof. Amartya Sen
*Circle of Reason, The Glass Palace, The Hungry tide
Ans : Amitav Ghosh
*Life of Pi - Yann Martel
*The Blue Bedspread - Raj Kamal Jha 
*The Pathology of Corruption- S.S. Gill 
*Indira Gandhi: A biography - Pupul Jayakar 
*Punjab: the Knights of Falsehood- K.P.S. Gill
*Folktales from India, The Collected Essays of AK Ramanujan, Uncollected poems and Prose, The Oxford India Ramanujan
Ans : AK Ramanujan 



Famous Quotations


*“All the world is a stage and all men and women are merely players”.
Ans : William Shakespeare 
*“Frailty thy name is woman”
Ans : William Shakespeare
*“Cowards die many times before their deaths, the valiant never taste deaths but once’ 
Ans : William Shakespeare 
*“The empty vessel makes the greatest sound”
Ans : William Shakespeare 
*“There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so”.
Ans : William Shakespeare 
*“A good thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool”. 
Ans : William Shakespeare 
*"To be or not to be”: that is the question 
Ans : William Shakespeare
*“A little knowledge is a dangerous thing”.
Ans : Alexander Pope
*“Play the Game in the spirit of Game”.
Ans : Baron Peirrede Coubertin  
*“I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat- Winston Churchill  “A joke is a very serious thing”
Ans : Winston Churchill
*“Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference”.
Ans : Winston Churchill  
*“A thing of beauty is a joy forever”.
Ans : John Keats
*“Beauty is Truth and Truth is beauty”.
Ans : John Keats
*“Heard Melodies are sweet but those unheard are sweeter”.
Ans : John Keats
*“A Government of the people by the people and for the people”
Ans : Abraham Lincoln
*There is no such word as impossible in my dictionary”.
Ans : Napoleon Bonaparte
*“Knowledge is Power and Ignorance is death”-
Ans : Swami Vivekananda
*“They alone live, who live for others”.
Ans : Swami Vivekananda
*“I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance”.
Ans : Socrates
*“An honest man is always a child”
Ans : Socrates
*“Give me good mothers, I shall give you a good nation”.
Ans : Napoleon Bonaparte
*“The child is the father of man”.
Ans : William Wordsworth
*“Where Wealth accumulates, men decay”.
Ans : Oliver Goldsmith
*“Religion is the opium of the people”.
Ans : Karl Marx
*“Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely”.
Ans : Lord Acton
*“Eureka! Eureka! (I have found it)
Ans : Archimedes
*“One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”.
Neil Armstrong
*“To every action there is an equal and opposite reaction”.
Ans : Sir Issac Newton
*“Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety nine percent perspiration”.
Ans : Thomas Alva Edison
*“I am dying with the help of too many physicians”. Alexander the Great
*“Man is bom free and every where he is in chains”. Jean Jacques Rousseau
*“History is the biography of Great men”.
Ans : Thomas Carlyle
*“A friend to all is a friend to none” 
Ans : Aristotle
*“We are what we repeatedly do” 
Ans : Aristotle
*“It is possible to fail in many ways; while to succeed is possible only in one way. 
Ans : Aristotle
*The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet”
Ans : Aristotle
*“Knowledge is power”
Ans : Francis Bacon
*“I came, I saw, I conquered”.
Ans : Julius Caeser
*“If winter comes can spring be far behind”.
Ans : P.B. Shelley
*“Well done is better than well said”
Ans : Benjamin Franklin
*“Admiration is the daughter of ignorance”
Ans : Benjamin Franklin
*“Better than a thousand hollow words, is one word that brings peace”.
Ans : Buddha
*Do not impose on others what you yourself do not desire
Ans : Confucius
*“Everything has beauty, but not every one sees it”
*“A gentleman is one who never hurts anyone’s feelings unintentionally.
Ans : Oscar Wilde
*“Climbing up the top demands strength whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or to the top of your career”
Ans : A.P J. Abdul Kalam
“Small aim is a crime have great aim”
Ans : A.PJ. Abdul Kalam
*“A man’s true character comes out when he’s drunk”
Ans : Charlie Chaplin 
*“Garibi Hatao” - Indira Gandhi 
*“Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it”
Ans : Balagangadhar Tilak 
*“At the stroke of midnight hour when the world sleeps India will wake to life and freedom” 
Ans : Jawaharlal Nehru 
*We live in a wonderful world that is full of beauty, charm and adventure. There is no end to the adventures that we can have it only we seek them with our eyes open.
Ans : Jawaharlal Nehru 
*“There is no God higher than truth”
Ans : Mahatma Gandhi
*“Live as if you were to die tomorrow; learn as if you were to live forever”
Ans : Mahatma Gandhi 
*“Do or Die” - Mahatma Gandhi 
*“Give me blood, I shall give you freedom”.
Ans : Subhash Chandra Bose
*‘Ram and Rahim are the two different names of the same God”.
Ans : Kabir Das
*“Faith is the bird that feels the light when the dawn is still dark”
Ans : Rabindranath Tagore
*“A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new”
Ans : Albert Einstein 
*“All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree”.
Ans : Albert Einstein



MALAYALAM LITERATURE


*Who was known as ‘Kerala Chaucer’
Ans : Chiramakavi
*The author of‘Rama Charitham’
Ans : Chiramakavi
*‘Rama Charitham’ confines which kanda in ‘Ramayana’ 
Ans : Yuddha Kanda
*On whose arrival bhakthi period started in Kerala
Ans : Kannassans
*Kannassans are popularly known as
Ans : Niranam Poets
*Niranam Poets - Rama Panikkar, Madhava Panikkar, Sankara Panikkar
*The Village where Kerala Kannassans lived
Ans : Niranam (Thiruvalla)
*The father of Malayalam language and literature 
Ans : Ezhuthachan 
*Ezhuthachan started the Kilipattu style of narration So he is known as , the Founder of Kilipattu Prasthanam.
*The greatest classics in Malayalam are Adhyattha Ramayanam Devi Bhagavatham written by
Ans : Ezhuthachan
*The ancient Trio in Malayalam Literature 
Ans : Ezhuthachan, Cherusseri, Kunchan Nambiar
*The author of ‘Kannassa Ramayana’
Ans : Rama Panikkar
*The Languages mixed in Manipravalam 
Ans : Malayalam, Sanskrit 
*The Word ‘Manipravalam’ means 
Ans : Ruby coral
*‘Champus’ are very important work of this period.
*‘Champus’ - mixing verse and rhythmic prose.
*The ancient Manipravala Works
Ans : ‘Unniyachi Charitham’, ‘Unni Chiruthevi Charitham’, ‘Unniyadi Charitham’
*First Sandesa Kavya in Manipravala 
Ans : Unnuneeli Sandesam 
*First Mahakavi in Malayalam
Ans : Cherusseri Namboothiri 
*Famous Works of Poonthanam 
Ans : Janappana ,Santhanagopalam ,Sreekrishna Karnamritham
*The Court Poet of Udayavarma Raja 
Ans : Cherusseri
*The author of ‘Krishna Gatha’ 
Ans : Cherusseri
*The abridged version of Bhagavatham Written by Cherrusseri 
Ans : Krishna Gatha
*‘Bhakthi Poet’ in Malayalam Literature
Ans : Poonthanam
*‘Thullal' was popularised by Kunchan Nambiar.
*First ‘Thullal’ of Nambiar is ‘Kalyana Sougandhikam’.
*The Modern Trio in Malayalam  Literature
Ans : Kumaranasan,Ulloor. S Parameswara lyer,Vallathol  Narayana Menon
*Kerala Varma Valiyakoil Thampuran (1845- 1914): He is known as the Father of Modern Malayalam prose and ‘Kerala Kalidasan’. His major work is Mayoora Sandesham.
*Abhinjana Sakunthalam was translated into Malayalam by 
Ans : Kerala Varma Valiyakoyi Thamburan
*The romantic poet in Malayalam Literature
Ans : Kumaranasan
*First work of Kumaranasan
Ans : ‘Veena Poovu’ (1907)
*The journal in which ‘Veena Poovu’ was first published
Ans : Mitha Vadi
*The poet known as ‘Maha Kavi’ without writing any Mahakavyam
Ans : Kumaranasan
*Last work of Kumaranasan
Ans : Karuna
*The title ‘Mahakavi’ is honoured to Kumaranasan by
Ans : Madras University (1922)
*The book written by Kumaranasan for children
Ans : Pushpavadi
*The elegy written by Kumaranasan on the death of his friend A.R. Rajaraja Varma
Ans : Prarodhanam
*Famous Works of Kumaranasan
Ans : Veena Poovu, Duravastha, Nalini, Leela, Chandalabhishuki, Sree Buddhacharitham
*The author of ‘Asante Sitakavyam’
Ans : Sukumar Azhikode
*The ‘ Valmiki Ramayanam’ was translated to Malayalam by
*The poem written by Vallathol about Vivekananda Swamikal
Ans : Krishna Paruntinodu
*Founder of Kerala Kalamandalam
Ans : Vallathol Narayana Menon 
*Famous works of Vallathol Narayana Menon 
Ans : Magdulana Mariam, Bapuji, Aachanum Makalum, Shishyanum Makanum, Sahithya Manjari
*Kerala Kalamandalam was established at
Ans : Cheruthururuthy
*First form of Kathakali
Ans : Ramanattam
*Ramanattam was developed by
Ans : Kottarakkara Thampuran
*The literary form of Kathakali
Ans : Attakatha
*The work known as ‘Shakunthalam of Malayalam’
Ans : Nalacharitham Attakatha
*Author of Nalacharitham Attakatha
Ans : Unnayi Variyar
*Who called Nalacharitham as 'Kerala Shakunthalam’ 
Ans : Joseph Mundassery
*Author of ‘Kanneerthulli’ 
Ans : Nallappattu Narayana Menon
*The ‘Les Miserables’ of Victor Hugo was translated to ‘Pavangal’ in Malayalam by
Ans : Nalappattu Narayana Menon
*The introduction to the commentary and interpretation of Nalacharitham written by A.R. Rajaraja Varma
Ans : Kanthara Tharakam 
*Author of Kerala Panineeyam 
Ans : A.R. Rajaraja Varma 
*Father of Malayalam Printing 
Ans : Benchamin Bailey 
*The first book printed in Malayalam Language
Ans : Samkshepa Vedartham 
*Author of Samkshepa Vedartham 
Ans : Clement Piyanos 
*The first work in India based on art
Ans : Natya Shastram 
*Author of Natya Shastram 
Ans : Bharathamuni
*The introduction written to Kumaranasan’s famous work ‘Nalini’ 
Ans : A.R. Rajaraja Varma
*Author of Kuchelavritham Vanchipattu 
Ans : Ramapurathu Warrier 
*The Pattu Work found from Kasargod District
Ans : Thirunizhalmala
*Last work of Ancient Manipravalam 
Ans : Chandrolsavam
*The poet who translated Jayadeva's 'Geetha Govinda' to Malayalam
Ans : Changampuzha 
*The Novel ‘Kalithozhi’ was written by
Ans : Changampuasha
*The elegy written by Changampuzha about Idappalli
Ans : Ramanan
*Autobiography of Changampuzha Krishnapillai
Ans : Thudikkunna Thalukal 
Other works; Vazhakula, Raktha Pushpangal,Kavya Narthaki etc. . 
*The first version of Arthashastra on a local language Bhashakautiliyam 
*The shortest Mahakavya in Malayalam - Keshaviyam (Author-K.C. Kesava Pillai) 
*The drama ‘Kootukrishi’ was written by - Idassery
*The travelogue ‘Himavathabhoovil’ authored by
Ans : M.P. Virendra Kumar 
*The first Malayalam work to get Kendra Sahithya Academy Award
Ans : Kerala Bhasha Sahithya Charithram
*The Magazine published by Kerala State Institute of Children’s Literature
Ans : Thaliru
*The Journal ‘ Malayalam Literary Survey’ was published by
Ans : Kerala Sahitya Academy
*The first Malayalam novel to get Kendra Sahithya Academy Award
Ans : Chemmeen
*First short story in Malayalam
Ans : Vasana Vikrithi
*‘Vasana Vikrithi’ was published in the magazine
Ans : Vidya Vinodini
*The author of ‘Vasana Vikrithi’ 
Ans : Vengayil Kunjiraman Nayanar
*The Story written by Thakazhi based on Punnapra-Vayalar-Revolt Thalayodu
*The Novel authorised by M. Mukundan mentions about E.M.S
Ans : Kesavante Vilapangal 
*The Malayalam Novel in which the characters have no name 
Ans : Marana Certificate 
*The Novel authored by Malayattur based on the first war of independence 
Ans : Amritham thedi
*The Novel written by Perumbadavam Sridharan that tells the story of Dastay oviski Oru Sangeerthauam Pole
*The first characteristic malayalam Novel
Ans : Indulekha
*Famous works of Herman Gundert
Ans : Kerala Pazhama, Keralolpathi, Pazhancholmala
*Gandhiji’s Biography was first published in Malayalam by
Ans : Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai (Book. Mohandas Gandhi)
*Autobiography of Mrinalini Sarabhai
Ans : Voice of the Heart
*The Malayalam translation of ‘Voice of the heart’
Ans : Hrydayathinte Swaram (Written by: K. Radhakrishna Warrior)
*The uncomplete novel written by Chandu Menon - Saradha
*The first realistic novel in Malayalam
Ans : Dhoomakethuvinte Udayam (by Sardar 
*The biggest novel in Malayalam
Ans : Avakashikal (Written by Vilasini)
*Oyyarathu Chandu Menon (1847-1899): is a novelist who criticized the social evils during his time.
*Chandu Menon's famous novels are Indulekha, Sarada, etc.
*C.V. Raman Pillai (1858-1922): Known as Kerala Scott. The famous works of C.V. Raman Pillai are Marthanda Varma, Dharmaraja, Ramaraja Bahadur.
*E.V. Krishna Pillai (1894-1938): Works: Chiriyum Chinthayum, B.A. Mayavi, E.V. Kadhakal and MLC Kadhakal.



Basic Info


*Kerala Ibson N. Krishna Pillai
*Kerala Panini - A.R. Rajaraja Varma
*Kerala Valmiki - Vallathol Narayana Menon
*Kerala Scot - C.V. Raman Pillai
*Kerala Hemingway - M.T. Vasudevan Nair
*Kerala Orpheus - Changampuzha Krishna Pillai
*Kerala Moppasang - Thakazhi Sivashankara Pillai
*Kerala Thulasi Dasan- Vennikulam Gopalakurup
*Kerala Vyasan - Kodungalloor Kunji Kuttan Thampuran
*Kerala Kalidasan - Kerala Varma Valiya Koyi Thampuram



Poetess of Motherhood 


*Mother of Malayalam literature  Balamaniyamma
*She is also known as the poetess of motherhood
*Her Famous works: Muthassi  Mazhuvinte Katha, Nivedyam  Mathruhridayam. 
*P. Kesava Dev (1905-1983): Works: Odayil Ninnu, Nadi, Ayalkar, Tharavadu and Orumuri Tenga, Ulakka, Kannadi.
*Karoor Neelakanda Pillai (1898-1975): Works: Anakkaran, Mothiram, Sammanam, Poovampazham, Marapavakal, Rahasyam.
*G. Sankara Kurup (1901-1978): Winner of 1st Jnanapith award for his work ‘Odakuzhal’. Works: Sooryakanthi, Viswadarsanam, Jeevana Sangeetham.
*Kakkanadan (1935-2011): Sakshi, Vasoori,Sreechakram, Adiyaravu, Jappanam pukayila
*Malayattoor Ramakrishnan (1928-1998): Works: Yanthram, Yakshi, Verukal, Ponni and Dwandhayudham.
*Uroob (PC Kuttikrishnan) (1985 - 1979) Aamina, Ummachu, Ammini, Thamara Topi, Sundarikatum Sundaranmarum
*S.K. Pottakadu (1913 - 1982): Works: Oru Deshathinte Katha, Kapirikalude Nattil, Oru Theruvinte Katha, Yatrasmaranakal, Simhabhoomi etc. 
*Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai (1911- 1999): Works: Chemmeen, Thottiyude Makan, Randidangazhi, Enipadikal etc. He received Jnanapith award in 1984 and Sahitya Academy Award in 1957. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1985. Autobiograhy of Thakazhi Orma yude Teerangalil
*O.V.Vijayan (1931-2005) Works: Khasakkinte Ithihasam, Gurusagaram ,Kadaltheerathu, Pravachakante Vazhi, Dharmapuranam.
*Lalithambika Antharjanam (1909-1987)
Works:Agnisakshi, Onakazcha,Moodupadathil, Kilivathililoode, Oru Pottichiri, Viswarupam.
*‘Aathmakadhakkoru Aamukham’ is an autobiography of
Ans : Lalithambika Antharjanam
*Dr. M. Leelavathi (1929) Works: Kavithadhwani, Varnaraaji etc.
*Sugathakumari (1934) Works: Rathrimazha, Ambalamani, Radhayethedi, Devadasi,Swapnabhoomi, Krishnakavithakal, Pavam Manavahridayam, Marangal, Manalezuth
*Prof: S. Guptan Nair Works: Shristiyum Shrishtavum, Asthiyude Pookal, Kranthadarshikal, Tagore, Tirayum Chuzhiyum
*Dr. Ayyappa Panickar (1930 - 2006) Works: Kurushetram, Pakalukal Rathrikal, Gotrayanam.
*The Garland of Legends  was written by Kottarathil Sankunny.
*‘Shabdatharavali’ was written by Sreekanteswaram G. Padmanabha Pillai
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