ARTS

PAINTINGS


*Important paintings of Leonardo da vinci.
*Mona Lisa
*The Last Supper
*The Virgin of Rocks
*Medusa
*The Mona Lisa painting is kept now in  
Ans : Louvre Museum, Paris
*The painter who is called “Christ of the coal mines”
Ans : Vincent Van Gogh 
*Important paintings of Vincent Van Gogh
*The Starry Night
*The Potato Eaters
*Sunflowers
*The Red Vineyard
*Vincent Van Gogh Museum is in 
Ans : Amsterdam
*Co founder of Cubism 
Ans : Pablo Picasso 
*Cubism originated in 
Ans : France
*Who created Dove that became a monographic symbol of peace 
Ans : Pablo Picasso
*Picaso’s painting based on the fascist attack  on Spain 
Ans : Guernica
*Famous paintings of Pablo Picasso
*The Old Guitarist
*The Weeping Woman  
*Three Musicians
*Girl before a Mirror 
*Famous painter of Italian Renaissance
Ans : Michelangelo 
*Famous 'paintings of Michelangelo
*The Last Judgement   
*Pieta
*Sistine Chapel Ceiling
*Prince of Painters - Raphael 
*Famous paintings of Raphael
*The School of Athens 
*The Marriage of the Virgin
*The Sistine Madonna 
*Transfiguration The famous known as ‘King of Shadows’
Ans : Rembrandt
*Famous paintings of Rembrandt
*Jacob Blessing the Sons of Joseph
*The Return of the Prodigal Son
*The Sampling Officials
*Expressionist style of paintings originated in
Ans : Germany in 20th Century 
*Futurist style of painting originated in 
Ans : Italy
*Surrealist style of painting originated in 
Ans : France
*Famous artist of surrealist style of painting 
Ans : Salvador Dali
*Famous paintings of Salvador Dali
Ans :The Elephants,The Great Masturbator
*The Burning Giraffe, The Face of War
*Famous paintings of S.H. Raza
Ans : Bindu
*Indian painter known as ‘Picasso of India’ and bareforted artist 
Ans : M.F. Hussain
*Famous paintings of M.F. Hussain
*Gaja Gamini,The Puppet Dancers,Horses,Mother Teresa,The Sixth Seal,Tribute to Hashmi
*Father of Indian painting 
Ans : Nandalal Bose
*Father of Modern painting in Kerala
Ans : K.C.S.Panikar
*Famous painting of Nandalal Bose
Ans : Gandhiji March (Bapuji),Saraswati,Woman Commits 
Sati,Gandhari in Balcony 
*Most expensive woman painter in India
Ans : Amrita Sher-Gil 
*Famous paintings Amrita Sher-Gil
Ans : Two Elephants,The Bride, Bride’s Toilet,The Child Bride
*Founder of Cholamandal Artists village in Chennai
Ans : K.C.S. Paniker
*The first private art gallery of Kerala ‘Chitrakoodam’ was founded by 
Ans : C.N. Karunakaran
*‘Tribal Witches’ is the famous painting of 
Ans : C.N. Karunakaran



Raja Ravi Varma


*Famous paintings of Raja Ravi Varma
Ans : Lady Lost in Thought,Shakuntala Damayanti Talking to a Swan ,Nair Woman 
*In 1904 Raja Ravi Varma was belowed with the Kaiser - i- Hind Gold Medal by
Ans : Viceroy Lord Curzon
*The award instituted by Government of ' Kerala to people who show excellence in the field of art and culture
Ans : Raja Ravi Varma Puraskaram



MUSIC


*Two distinct style of Indian classical music 
Ans : Carnatic and Hindustani Music
*Father of Carnatic Music 
Ans : Purandara Dasa 
*Original name of Purandara Dasa 
Ans : Srinivasa Naik
*Trinity of Carnatic Music
Ans : Muthuswami Dikshitar, Tyagaraja Swamikal, Syama Sastrikal 
*The fundamental ragas in Carnatic Music 
Ans : Melakarta Ragas (72 ragas)
*First to compose the Swarajati musical genre 
Ans : Syama Sastrikal
*Hamsadhvani raga in Carnatic music was created by
Ans : Ramaswami Dikshitar 
*The musician who used violin for the first time in Carnatic musical performance 
Ans : Muthuswami Dikshitar
*The Travancore king known as ‘The Monarch Musician’ 
Ans : Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma 
*Thyagaraja Carnatic Music Festival is held in 
Ans : Thiruvaiyar (Tamil Nadu)
*City in South India famous for the manufacture of musical instruments
Ans : Thanjavur
*Carnatic musician famous for his Pancharatna Kritis 
Ans : Tyagaraja
*The Hindustani classical raga that has the power to bring out rain 
Ans : Megh Malhar
*The raga in Carnatic music similiar to Mega Malhar
Ans : Amritavarshini
*Oldest Gharana of Hindustani Music 
Ans : Gwalior Gharana
*The major vocal styles associated with Hindustani classical music
Ans : Dhrupad, Khyal and Tarana 
*The Hindustani Vocal form usually performed towards the end of the concert 
Ans : Tarana
*One of the oldest forms of compositions in Hindustani classical music 
Ans : Dhrupad
*The raga used in lullabies 
Ans : Neelambari
*First musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna
Ans : M.S. Subbulakshmi
*First musician to be awarded the Padma Bhushan
Ans : M.S. Subbulakshmi
*Indian classical music developed in the temples of Kerala
Ans : Sopana Sangeetham
*The musical instrument used in Sopana Sangeetham 
Ans : Edakka
*An exponent of Sopana Sangeetham
Ans : Neralattu Rama Poduval
*First Indian to compose Symphony 
Ans : Illayaraja (1993)
*First Music school in India 
Ans : Gandharva Mahavidyalaya in Lahore (1901)
*‘Raga Kameshwari’ was composed by 
Ans : Pandit Ravi Shankar
*‘Raga Lajwanti’ was composed by 
Ans : Ustad Ali Akbar Khan 
*Creator of the world famous raga Miyan Ki Malhar 
Ans : Tansen
*First woman Sarod player of India 
Ans : Sharan Rani
*First female Shehnai player of India 
Ans : Bageshwari Qamar



DANCES


*The number of Classical Dance forms in India
Ans : 8
*Classical Dance forms in India 
Ans : Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Kathakali, Manipuri, Sattriya, Mohiniyattam
*The organisation that gives classical status to dance forms
Ans : Kendra Sangeetha Natak Academy 
*National Dance form of India 
Ans : Bharatanatyam
*The Dance  form popularly called Poetry in Motion and Dasiyattam
Ans : Bharatanatyam
*Bharatanatyam is the dance form of the state
Ans : Tamil Nadu
*The Dance form that follows the principle of Natya shastra 
Ans : Bharatanatyam
*‘Kalakshetra’ at Adayar, Chennai was established in 1936 by
Ans : Rukmini Devi Arundale 
* Famous Bharatanatyam Dancers
Ans : Padma Subramanyam,Sonal Mansingh,Yamini Krishnamurthy,Mrinalini Sarabhai
*The dance form that originated in Kerala 
Ans : Mohiniyattam
*The Travancore ruler, who patronised Mohiniyattam
Ans : Maharaja Swathi Thirunal 
*The poet who revived Mohiniyattam 
Ans : Vallathol Narayana Menon 
*Exponents of Mohiniyattom
Ans : Kalamandalam Kalyanikutty Amina, Sunanda Nair, Gopika Varma
*The only classical dance form having links with both Hindu and Muslim culture 
Ans : Kathak
*Main exponents of Kathak dance 
Ans : Sambhu Maharaj,Birju Maharaj, Lacchu Maharaj 
*Five sequential steps in Odissi
Ans : Mangalacharana, Sthayee, Pallavi, Abhinayam, Moksha 
*The last part of Odissi 
Ans : Moksha
*The dance form that starts with the salutation to Mother Earth (Bhumi Pranam) 
Ans : Odissi
*Oddisi exponnents
Ans : Kelucharan Mohapatra, Baissali Mohanty, Sanjukta Panigrahi 
*The most important dance form in the Manipuri Style 
Ans : Raslila
*Kuchipudi is the classical dance form of
Ans : Andra Pradesh
*The name Kuchipudi has origin from the name of the village
Ans : Kuchelapuram
*The classical dance form in Assam
Ans : Sattriya
*The dance form of Kerala recognised by UNESCO in 2001 as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of humanity
Ans : Kudiyattam
* One of the greatest exponents of Koodiyattom 
Ans : Ammannur Madhava Chakyar
*The glorious dance drama of Kerala on the life of Krishna
Ans : Krishnanattam
*Krishnanattam is mainly performed within
Ans : Guruvayoor Temple
*Krishnattam is mainly based on the text Krishnagiti composed by
Ans : Manaveda Zamorin of Calicut
*Another art form created by Kottarakkara Thampuran based on Krishnanattam
Ans : Ramanattam
*The inventor of Ottan Thullal
Ans : Kunchan Nambiar
*The group dance mainly performed by maidens on the occasion of Onam and Thiruvathira
Ans : Thiruvathirakali
*The ritual folk art of the Syrian Christians of Kottayam and Thrissur districts
Ans : Margam Kali



KATHAKALI


*Characters of Kathakali 
Ans : Pacha, Kathi,Kari, Thadi,Minukku
*The literary genre used for Kathakali 
Ans : Aattakatha
*Pacha is used to portray noble male characters like kings and divine beings 
*Kathi are arrogant and evil characters
*Kari is used for demonic characters
*Thadi is used for both godly and demonic characters
*They are three colours of Thadi
Ans : White, Red and black
*The dance forms known as ‘The Total Theatre’, ‘The Dance Drama’
Ans : Kathakali
*Latin Christian Classical art form that originated in Kochi
Ans : Chavittu Nadakam 
*Muslim art forms in Kerala
Ans : Oppana, Kolkali, Duffmuttu etc. 
*Vasthu vidya Gurukulam is situated in 
Ans : Aranmula



STATES & DANCE FORMS


*Lambadi - Andra Pradesh
*Oja Pali - Assam
*Bihu -  Assam 
*Dandya Raas - Gujarat
*Garba - Gujarat
*Jhumar - Haryana
*Kullu Nati - Himachal Pradesh
*Dumhal - Jammu Kashmir
*Mudiyettu - Kerala
*Theyyam - Kerala
*Tamasha - Maharashtra
*Chhau - Odisha
*Bhangra - Punjab
*Ghoomar - Rajastan
*Kalbelia - Rajastan
*Kolattam - Tamil Nadu
*Therukoothu - Tamil Nadu
*Nautanki - Uttarpradesh 
*Kajri - Uttarpradesh
*Raslila - Uttarpradesh   



FAMOUS PERSONALITIES RELATED TO MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS


*Bismillah Khan, Ali Ahmed Hussain Khan
Ans : Shehnai
*Raghunath Prasanna 
Ans : Shehnai, Flute
*Hariprasad Chaurasia, Ronu Majumdar,Kudamaloor Janardanan, T.R Mahalingam, N. Ramani 
Ans : Flute
*Zakir Hussain, AlIaRakha, Pandit Anindo Chatterjee, Ustad Shafaat Ahamed Khan, Ustad Sukhwinder Singh, Namdhari 
Ans : Tabla
*Amjad Ali Khan, Ali Akbar Khan, Allauddin Khan 
Ans : Sarod 
*Pandit Ravi Shankar, Vilayat khan, Anoushka Shankar, Shahid Pavez, Nikhil Banerjee
Ans : Sitar
*Pandit Shivkumar Sharma 
Ans : Santoor 
*Chittt Babu, S, Balachander, N. Ravikiran, Doraiswamy Iyengar 
Ans : Veena 
*U. Srinivas 
Ans : Mandolin 
*Palaghat ,Mani Iyer, Mavelikkara Velukkutty Nair 
Ans : Mridangam 
*L. Subramaniam, Ambi Subramaniam, A. Kanyakumari, Baluswami Bikshitar, Lalgudi Jayaraman, Johar Ali Khan, K Vaidyanathan, Vittal Ramamurthy, M.S. Gopalakrishnan 
Ans : Violin
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